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27th International Conference & Expo On Corrosion

10 – 13th september 2020 Chennai, India


Keynote Talk



Brenda J. Little
Corrosion Consulting


Paper Title: Mechanisms for Microbially Influenced Corrosion (MIC): Details are Important


Affiliation: BJ Little Corrosion Consulting, Diamondhead, MS, USA


Abstract: Microbially influenced corrosion (MIC) is not a mechanism for corrosion. Instead MIC is caused by the presence and/or activities of microorganisms from the three domains of life, i.e., archaea (e.g., methanogens), bacteria, and eucaryotes (e.g., fungi). Lists of MIC mechanisms typically include the following: acid production, sulfide production, oxygen concentration cells, metal concentration cells, ammonia production, metal oxidation/deposition, metal reduction, dealloying and consumption/alteration of corrosion inhibitors. In addition, cathodic depolarization by some sulfate-reducing bacteria and direct electron transfer from a substratum metal, e.g., iron, to a microbial cell have been proposed as possible MIC mechanisms.  
 
In all cases, mechanisms for MIC are microorganism/metal/electrolyte specific. It is obvious that not all metals and alloys are vulnerable to all MIC mechanisms. However, the role of the electrolyte in determining the mechanism(s) for MIC has been largely ignored. Specifics about the electrolyte, e.g., dissolved oxygen concentration, electron donor/acceptor relationships and specific ratios of aggressive: inhibiting ions determine whether or not corrosion takes place and if so, by what mechanism. Mechanisms for MIC will be reviewed in detail to demonstrate the environmental constraints on some proposed MIC mechanisms.


Biography : My 45-year career has focused on the investigation of microorganism/material interactions, including biodeterioration, biodegradation and bioremediation, i.e., chemistries produced by microorganisms. I am now an independent consultant and the sole proprietor of B.J. Little Corrosion Consulting, LLC. My publications include 2 co-authored books and over 100 peer-reviewed journal articles on these topics. I am the President of the International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation Society (IBBS). I am a Fellow for the National Association of Corrosion Engineers (NACE- International) and on the editorial board for International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation, the official journal for the IBBS.



Dr.John Philip
Head, Corrosion Science & Technology Division


Paper Title: Nanotechnology assisted corrosion  mitigation strategies


Affiliation: Head, Corrosion Science & Technology Division & 
Professor, Homi-Bhabha National Institute (HBNI) 
Metallurgy and Materials Group, 
Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, 
Kalpakkam- 603 102, T.N., India


Abstract: Nanotechnology (NT) involves the manipulation, study and exploitation of matter at nanoscale. The exponentially increasing number of publications and huge funding by various governments and industries is a testimony for its popularity. Many experts believe that nanotechnology has the potential to solve many unresolved problems of the world in areas of energy, environment, communication and medicine. Over the last two decades, many products and technologies based on nantechnology hit the market and many more are expected.  
NT also offer promising applications in advanced corrosion resistant coating. Superhydrophobic(SHP) coatings, with hierarchical micro- and nano-structures, exhibiting water contact angles > 1500, have a wide vast range of applications in self-cleaning, anti-icing, drag reduction, anti-biofouling and corrosion protection. SHP coatings, fabricated on metal and alloys, are shown to effective in shielding corrosive species. Many methods such as templating, etching, electrodeposition, anodization, spray coating, hydrothermal synthesis, sol-gel , nanocomposite coating etc have been used for successful fabrication of SHP surfaces on various substrates. When a SHP surface is exposed to corrosive media, air trapped in the surface grooves can act as an inherent insulator and hinder direct contact between the corrosive media and the material, thereby providing better corrosion resistance. In general, the hierarchical surface morphology and chemical composition of the surface play important role in corrosion protection, though in some cases one overweigh the other. Although significant progress is made on fabrication of superhydrophobic surfaces using different processes and materials, more needs to be done to durable coating with sufficient mechanical strength and high impalement pressure to adapt it for industrial applications. In this talk, I will give an overview on nanotechnology, its applications and some strategies for corrosion mitigation using SHP coating.


Biography : Dr.John Philip obtained Ph.D from the IIT, Madras in 1992. He did postdoctoral research at CNRS, France and at University of Hull, UK. He held the position of visiting professor at the ESPCI, Paris and CRPP-CNRS, Bordeaux, France. In 1995, he joined the Metallurgy and Materials Group of Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam. Presently, he is heading the Corrosion Science and Technology Division and Smarts materials section. He is also a Professor of Homi Bhabha National Institute.  
 
He is the recipient of several awards, which include Science and Technology excellence award, INS medal, NDT man of the year award, MRSI medal and Ron Halmshaw award of British Institute of NDT and Distinguished Faculty award of HBNI in 2015 and Homi Bhabha Science and Technology award. He is also a recipient of several international fellowships such as Monbusho Japan, Swiss national research fellowship, French Govt fellowship and Swedish research fellowship. His research works are highlighted in Nature, Nanotech web, UK, The Hindu, Indian Express and many other media several times.  
 
He has six patents in his credit and over 220 publications in leading refereed international journals. His H-index is 46 with ~ 9000 citations, with a cumulative impact factor of 620. He has delivered more than 160 invited lectures in India and abroad. He has been the editor-in-chief (founder) of Journal of Nanofluids of American Scientific Publishers since 2012 and editorial board member of many journals. He is a member of medical Biotechnology and nano-technology sectional committee of bureau of Indian standards and research council member of CSIR-CGCRI, Kolkota, AMPRI, Bhopal, ARCI, DST, Hyderabad and Member, SAC, SHRI etc. 12 Ph.D students have completed their Ph.D under his guidance. His research activities are in the broad area of advanced materials, nanomaterials, nanofluids, corrosion science & technology and thermal imaging.



Prof. Gurmeet Singh
Vice-Chancellor


Paper Title: “Study of Corrosion inhibitor”


Affiliation: Vice-Chancellor, 
Pondicherry University


Abstract: In this lecture, an attempt will be made to elaborate the methods used for studying the performance of corrosion inhibitors in various media. For studies of these, apart from gravimetric methods, electrochemical methods are being widely used. Methods like galvanostatic methods, potentiostatic methods, electrochemical impedance spectroscopic and polarisation resistance methods have been in use extensively. Spectroscopic studies like, IR, ESCA, SEM & AFM also have been used to carry out surface analysis of the layer which is deposited on the surface. In fact with ESCA studies the amount and kind of elements present in the adsorbed layer can be precisely 
evaluated. Quantum chemical calculations can be used to ascertain whether an additive shall be acting as a good effective inhibitor or not. These theoretical results can be used to supplement the experimental results obtained from gravimetric and electrochemical methods. After doing these studies some thermodynamic parameters like Heat of Adsorption, Effective Activation Energy and changes in entropy can be calculated to find out the details of the mechanistic studies leading to this adsorption process.


Biography : Prof. Gurmeet Singh, a renowned academic administrator and an internationally reputed expert in the field of corrosion science and smart materials, has taken over as the Vice-Chancellor, Pondicherry University.  Prof. Singh began his academic career as Lecturer (Assistant Professor) in the Department of Chemistry, University of Delhi, in 1976, rising to become a Professor about twenty years ago.  All through, his career has been distinguished by the successful manner in which he has contributed to the administration University of Delhi and other public institutions while maintaining a very high level of research output in terms of quality as well as quantity. He has held the positions of Proctor (2005-2010), Head of the Department (2014-17), Member of the Executive Council (2005-2010), and numerous other administrative positions in University of Delhi besides serving as OSD (Principal), Deshbandhu College (1997-1999).  He had been on high-level committees of the UGC, DBT, CSIR, and several other public institutions.   These assignments have included positions of great sensitivity and responsibility typified by his appointment as Special Observer for the West Bengal state Assembly Elections by the Election Commission of India. 
During 2011-2012, Prof. Singh served as a Chair Professor at Lunghwa University, Taipei, where he was specially invited to start collaborative research.  He was a visiting scientist to Hungary and Japan and has been on academic assignments to Germany, Italy, Australia, Singapore, Korea, Thailand and Kenya. He is also currently a Visiting Professor at Japan Advanced Institute of Science & Technology (JAIST), Ishikawa, Japan. 
An inspiring teacher and mentor of research, Prof. Singh has guided 14 MPhil and 50 Ph.D. scholars, several of the resulting contributions have received accolades and best paper awards at international/national conferences.   At the time of moving to Pondicherry University, Prof. Singh was personally supervising some major research projects.  With about 150 research papers of which a majority are in high-impact international journals, Prof. Gurmeet Singh is also among the most cited of the scientists in his field. 
An oft-decorated academician, Prof. Singh has received, among other honours, the Meritorious Contribution Award, the Annapurna Award, Membership of The Royal Society of Chemistry, London, and Fellowship of SAEST and  The Electrochemical Society of India and Advanced Material Society Award (Sweden).



Hasan Sabri
TPL Senior Specialist


Paper Title: Indirect Inspection Tools Indications V/s Direct Examination Findings within External Corrosion Direct Assessment Process


Affiliation: TPL Senior Specialist (Inspection & Corrosion) 
Process Safety Management Group 
Kuwait Oil Company 
Inspection & Corrosion Team


Abstract: External corrosion direct assessment (ECDA) is a well-organized process, which improves, based on being continuously iterative. The purpose of performing ECDA is to improve the safety of the pipeline by evaluating and reducing the risk caused due to external corrosion and being a pipeline operator accomplish confidence in validating the pipeline integrity. This paper intends to compare results acquired by various indirect inspection tools and further compared with factual findings obtained during the direct examination process. Indirect inspection tool used and compared are close interval potential survey (CIPS), Direct Current Voltage Gradient (DCVG), Alternating Current Voltage Gradient (ACVG) and Alternating Current Current Attenuation (ACCA).  
 
Keywords: External Corrosion Direct Assessment, Indirect inspection, Direct Examination, Close Interval Potential Survey, Direct Current Voltage Gradient, Alternating Current Voltage Gradient and Alternating Current Current Attenuation.


Biography : Presenter Biography: (50 words Maximum) 
?Senior Corrosion Specialist at Kuwait Oil Company  
?Graduated from the University of Toledo, Ohio as a Chemical Engineer in 1993 
?Involved in the CP and Coating in new projects and maintenance. 
?Author/Co-Author of CP & coating of KOC standards 
?NACE Certified & Instructor for: 
o Cathodic Protection Specialist 
o Protective Coating Specialist  
Coating Inspector



Jeffrey L. Didas
Senior Technical Specialist


Paper Title: Cathodic Protection of Well Casings - Design Issues, Lessons Learned and a Case History


Affiliation: Senior Technical Specialist & Corrosion SME, Matcor, Inc., Chalfont, PA USA


Abstract: The use of Cathodic Protection – CP for protecting the external steel surfaces of well casings is a proven technique to reduce or minimize external corrosion. Production wells and storage wells utilize cathodic protection and it is quite successful in stopping or minimizing external corrosion. The need for CP on well casings does depend on many factors, primarily economics, corrosive electrolyte in contact with the casing, corrosion cells - long line and localized and stray current interference. The primary method of corrosion control for most wells is the quality of the cement and the cementing job. CP supplements the cement job, same as it supplements the coating when applied to a pipeline. The goal of installing CP for well casings is to prevent casing leaks.  
This paper will discuss all the above, provide some lessons learned from well casing CP over the years and have a case history of a design gone wrong. 
Keywords: Cathodic Protection, Well casings


Biography : NACE International certified – corrosion specialist-cathodic protection specialist-protective coating specialist and chemical treatment specialist. 
SSPC – protective coating specialist 
BSEE Electrical Engineering – Thomas A Edison State University, Trenton, NJ USA 
ASEE Electronics Technology – Springfield Technical Community College, Springfield, MA USA 
NACE member since 01-01-1975 
NACE President 2018 to 2019



Dr. Laxmidhar Besra
Chief Scientist & Head


Paper Title: Electrophoretic deposition as a versatile coating technology for corrosion prevention: The case of TiO2-siloxane and graphene coating


Affiliation: Chief Scientist & Head,  
Materials Chemistry Department,  
&  
Professor- Academy of Scientific & Innovative Research (AcSIR),  
CSIR-Institute of Minerals & Materials Technology (IMMT), Bhubaneswar 751 -13, Odisha, INDIA


Abstract: Engineering components usually fail when their surface cannot adequately withstand the external forces or environment to which they are subjected. Corrosion, erosion and abrasion are common problems encountered in many different industries including mining, chemical, metallurgical, oil & gas, aerospace, marine, automobile, construction, medical, biomedical, orthopedics, dentistry, mechanical and manufacturing, electronics, transport, food and packaging, agriculture, power generation, and renewable energy, etc. Coatings and surface engineering is of great industrial importance that is often used to improve corrosion protection, abrasion and wear resistance and thereby service life of components.  
 
This paper presents the applicability of a novel, low cost, simple and versatile coating technique based on electrophoretic deposition (EPD) of ceramics such as TiO2 on steel, and graphene on copper as two examples for corrosion prevention. A superhydrophobic TiO2 coating was prepared on mild steel to protect/increase life span of the steel by a simple one step electrophoretic deposition (EPD) technique followed by post-deposition treatment with methylhydrogen polysiloxane (trade name KF-99) and heat treatment. Superhydrophobicity (water contact angle 160 degree) was developed at some critical concentration (20 wt% solution) of KF-99. The corrosion rate of this superhydrophobic coating was an order of magnitude lower than bare mild steel in 3.5 wt% NaCl solution. The Ecorr and Icorr values for the superhydrophobic TiO2 coating post treated with KF-99 were -380 mV and 0.09 µA/cm2 respectively, compared to -930 mV and 120.22 µA/cm2 for bare steel untreated with KF-99, indicating significant improvement in corrosion resistance properties. Similarly, a thin and uniform coating of graphene oxide (GO) on copper was obtained by electrophoretic deposition from 0.03 wt % aqueous suspension at pH 3.4 on application of 10 V for 1 s. The GO coated on copper was partially reduced during electrophoretic deposition. The GO coated on Cu was completely reduced chemically using aqueous solution of NaBH4 as the reducing agent. The GO coating, as well as reduced GO coating exhibited an enhanced corrosion resistance compared to bare copper. The corrosion potential, Ecorr, of GO coated on Cu and reduced by NaBH4 was more positive (-145.4 mV) compared to GO coated Cu (-182.2 mV) and bare Cu (-235.3 mV). This indicates that reduced GO film on copper acts as very strong passivation layer against ion diffusion and corrosion. The corresponding corrosion current density (Icorr) was much lower (7.01 µA/cm2) for chemically reduced GO coated Cu in comparison to 15.375 µA/cm2 for bare Cu, indicating that GO coating acts as a barrier to the underlying Cu surface, and therefore inhibits Cu attrition. The corrosion inhibition efficiency of reduced GO coated Cu was found to be 54.40%. The corrosion rate for bare Cu and reduced GO coated Cu was found to be 0.18 mm/year and 0.08 mm/year, respectively, suggesting that reduced GO coating shows two-fold increase in corrosion resistance compared to bare Cu.


Biography : 1.Present Position and Address : 
Chief Scientist & Head,  
Materials Chemistry Department, &  
Professor- Academy of Scientific & Innovative Research (AcSIR)  
CSIR-Institute of Minerals & Materials Technology (IMMT) 
Bhubaneswar 751 -13, Odisha, INDIA 
 
2.Academic qualification: 
PhD (Metallurgical and Materials Engg)- IIT Kharagpur- 2003 
MTech (Metallurgical Engg) IISc Bangalore- 1993 
BTech (Metallurgical Engg) NIT Rourkela- 1991 
 
3.Professional experience: 
-Joined IMMT Bhubaneswar as Scientist B in 1993. 
-Worked in different capacity (Scientist C, Senior Scientist, Principal Scientist, Senior Principal Scientist)  
-2 Post docs: (1) at Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta (USA) and (2) at National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS, Tsukuba, Japan. 
-Presently working as Chief Scientist & Head of Materials Chemistry Dept at CSIR-IMMT Bhubaneswar  
 
4.Honours and Awards: 
1.Advanced Research Award-2012. Japan Society for Powder & Powder Metallurgy 
2.NASA Technology Brief Award-2007 for the technology titled “Electrophoretic deposition on non-conducting substrates”. 
3.NIMS Postdoctoral Fellowship of National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Tsukuba, Japan, 2007. 
4.IIME Best Paper published Award on Environment Issues related to Mineral Processing for the year 2007. The Award is instituted by Indian Institute of Mineral Engineers 
5.IIME Best paper award on Beneficiation for year 2004. The award is instituted by Indian Institute of Mineral Engineers. 
6.BOYSCAST Fellowship, Department of Science and Technology, Govt of India, 2003-04. 
7.German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) Fellowship (Sandwich Model), 1998-99. 
 
5.Research areas of interest: 
1.Advanced materials processing and coatings by Electrophoretic deposition (EPD) for corrosion prevention, thermal barrier coatings & tribological applications 
2.Colloidal processing of ceramics- Gelcasting, slipcasting, tapecasting etc.for near-net shape fabrication 
3.Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) as future clean energy generation system for direct conversion of chemical energy to electrical energy 
4.Interfacial phenomena of particle suspensions 
5.Mineral Processing- size reduction, flotation, gravity separation 
6.Solid-liquid separation including flocculation and dewatering of industrial sludges 
 
6.Publications:  
?80 in high impact international SCI journals. 
?One review paper on Electrophorectic deposition, published in Progress in Materials Science (IF: 31.083) in 2007 has 1560 citations 
 
Book Chapters: 
2 (one in Wiley Publishers, and the other in Springer Publisher) 
 
Patents: 
2 Indian Patents 
 
7.Students guided: 
 
PhD: 3 
M.Tech: 5



Peter J. Engelbert
BIRNCS Senior Nuclear Coatings Specialist


Paper Title: Failure Analysis of Coatings


Affiliation: CIH, CSP, Grad IOSH, CHST, CET 
 
BIRNCS Senior Nuclear Coatings Specialist 
NACE & SSPC Protective Coating Specialist 
SSPC Master Coating Inspector 
NACE Certified Coatings Inspector – Level 3 
SSPC Protective Coatings Inspector – Level 3 
Level 3 Coating Inspection, LLC 
Highland, Indiana, USA (near Chicago)


Abstract: Failure analysis of coatings reviews several incidents from the USA. Through the review of individual case studies, the audience will see the utility of various analysis techniques, laboratory tests and equipment to determine the mechanism of failure of protective coating systems. Case studies will include examples from a global fast food chain’s headquarters in the USA, Oil & Gas storage in California, Deminerlized water tanks in Indiana, Coal Process units in Oklahoma, High Rise (30+ floors) apartments in Chicago, MIC accelerated corrosion multiplying the rate of corrosion by a factor of over 40, Pipeline breach and explosion of a home in New York and heavy metals abatement on the US Capital Dome. Techniques will discuss the use of scientific methods in analysis. Use of test results from an overspray legal claim involving over 300 autos will also be discussed. The case studies will reveal related issues to coatings which are the unexpected results such as regulatory action and defence not often reported in journals.


Biography : Pete is a safety engineer who has extensive experience in corrosion science. He has spent over 3 years in the field of construction/corrosion science. Pete is sought after as a court expert on safety and corrosion as well as accident reconstruction. He is the only Board-certified safety engineer to also be certified in coatings. Pete holds the highest certifications in NACE and SSPC for coatings. He is one of only 10 in the USA to hold both the Protective Coating Specialist from NACE & SSPC. Pete holds degrees in criminalistics (CSI), biology, geology, mathematics, safety and substance abuse counselling. He also holds a doctorate in religious studies. 
 
Pete is the principle of Job Safety Associates, LLC, the Quality Manager for Level 3 Coatings Inspection, LLC (a QP5 Inspection Company), Adjunct Faculty at the US Fire Academy, former Adjunct Faculty at Purdue University & Indiana University. He is an authorized instructor for USA OSHA and holds licenses to teach Industrial Hygiene courses through the International Occupational Health Association in India, Brazil and the USA.  
 
Through Level 3 Coating Inspection, LLC, Pete has conducted failure investigations, testified in USA courts and advised on many difficult cases including the US Capital Dome, NASA Launch Towers & sound suppression structures, mines, pipeline, refineries, off-shore, skyscrapers, military installations, nuclear power plants and many more.



Jyotsna Dutta Majumdar
Professor


Paper Title: Compositionally Graded Yittria Stabilized Zirconia Based Thermal Barrier Coating for Improved High Temperature Oxidation Performance


Affiliation: Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering 
Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur 
West Bengal - 721302


Abstract: In the present contribution, the detailed high temperature oxidation behavior and wear behaviors of compositionally graded yttria stabilized zirconia (YSZ) based thermal barrier coating (TBC) will be presented in details. Duplex and compositionally graded TBCs consisting of 100% CoNiCrAlY as bond coat developed by high velocity oxyfuel (HVOF) spraying on Inconel 718 substrate followed by several layers of CoNiCrAlY and YSZ in the weight ratios of 70:30, 50:50, 30:70, and 0:100 was fabricated by plasma spray deposition technique. Followed by plasma spray deposition, a detailed characterization of the microstructure of the coating was evaluated in as-sprayed condition. The nano-mechanical properties of the graded thermal barrier coating were compared to that of duplex thermal barrier coating. Finally, the oxidation behavior (both isothermal and non-isothermal) of the coated Inconel 718 was compared with the uncoated one by measuring the oxidation kinetics and mechanism in air at temperatures ranging from 900 °C to 1000 °C and subsequently, measuring the weight change per unit area and the thickness of thermally grown oxide (TGO) layer at an interval of 24 hours up to a maximum of 96 hours. The kinetics of oxidation was parabolic in nature for both in duplex and compositionally graded TBC. However, the TGO growth rate in compositionally graded TBC was found to be slower than duplex TBC between 900 °C to 1000 °C. The mechanism of oxidation was established.


Biography : Prof. Dutta Majumdar is serving for the Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur as Professor. Her areas of research interests include corrosion and surface protection, laser materials processing, biomaterials, advanced materials developed by non-equilibrium processing routes and advanced welding of similar and dissimilar materials. She made fundamental contributions on development of coatings by laser and plasma processing routes for improved wear, corrosion and high temperature oxidation resistance applications, established understanding of the metallurgy of rapid solidification of metals under the specific heat input of a laser source. She also made an extensive efforts for the development of compositionally graded surface and nano-dispersed surface for thermal barrier, hot corrosion and bio-implant applications by using hybrid coating technology. Her recent research interest concern ultra-fast laser processing of materials, development of coatings for bio-implant applications, electron beam welding and laser aided 3-D manufacturing of objects. She has published more than 150 papers in the international journal of repute, supervised 10 PhD students and recipient of several awards at the national and international level. She is the fellow of West Bengal Academy of Science and Technology and Institute of Engineers (India) and recipient of awards like Metallurgists of the Year and Young Metallurgists award (awarded by the Ministry of Steel), Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel Award (awarded .by the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation), Young Engineers award (awarded by the Indian National Academy of Engineering), Young Scientist award (awarded by the Indian Science Congress Association), BOYSCAST Fellowship (awarded by the Department of Science and Technology) and DAAD Fellowship (awarded by the German Academic Exchange Service).



G. L. Rajani
Consultant (Technical Consultancy Services)


Paper Title: Advanced Cooling Water Treatments (CWT) Program to Control Corrosion, Scaling, Fouling and increasing Life of Coolers/ Condensers for CT-CWS with Case Studies


Affiliation: Consultant (Technical Consultancy Services) 
Engineering & Corrosion Services, New Delhi  
(Ex. Engineers India Ltd. (EIL)) and Ex. IOCL)


Abstract: CWT Play important role in refineries, petrochemicals, fertilizers, thermal power plants, Steel/metallurgical plants, chemical process industries and other industries etc. to control problems in coolers /condensers & piping on CWS side.  
CWS Side Problems Experienced as follows: 
?Corrosion Products/ Iron oxide rusts 
?Brownish/Blackish Corrosion Nodules/Tubercles formation resulting 
in Iron bacteria & SRB 
?Severe Scale Deposition due to Ca,PO4 
?Fouling and Biological deposit  
?Choking of the tubes due to deposits /Fouling. 
?Pitting /Under-deposit Pitting Corrosion. Pitting is also due to High Chlorides & due to formation of Carbonic Acid & under- deposit pitting leading to leaks.  
?Oil Ingress & other process contaminations 
?Microbiological Induced Corrosion (MIC) resulting from Iron Bacteria & release of H2S from SRB. 
?Galvanic Corrosion (by Two dissimilar Metals) 
?Bio fouling due to Iron bacteria/SRB in CS Coolers Tubes & Choking of CWS distribution lines 
?Thinning of CS Tubes & deposits on Tube ends/ Tube bell mouth  
?Tube Leaks/Plugging of Tubes 
Advanced CWT Program is required to control Corrosion, Scaling & Bio fouling & all above problems and provide adequate protection to coolers/ condensers and to increase the life of CS as well as Admiralty Brass/Copper/Cu-Ni/SS Coolers/ Condensers on CW side. Hence Advanced CWT Program is developed based on Various Chemical Formulations, Operation and Monitoring Program to control corrosion/pitting, scaling, fouling including bio-fouling in CWS.  
Hence design, operation & monitoring of Cooling Water Treatments (CWT) assume greater importance to control corrosion, scaling, fouling, unaccounted loss of water, minimum usage of water, optimization of operating cost and energy conservation. 
The presentation on CWT Program will focus on all above problems, various Technical details including various chemicals/Products formulations for CWT program for operation & monitoring to control all above problems and increase the life of coolers/ condensers on CWS side.


Biography : To Provide Multidiscipline Technical Services in Water, Waste water, Chemicals Application, Chemical Cleaning of Boilers, Heat Exchangers, Cathodic Protection Systems and Corrosion Control Services.  
Technical Consultant (Specialist) having more than 48 years of wide Professional Practical Experience in Engineering & Total Water Management, Water Treatments, CWT, ETP/WWTP/STP, ETP/STP-RO, Boiler water, CPU, Fire Water System etc. 
Formally was working with Indian Oil Corporation Ltd.(IOCL) for short duration then with Engineers India Ltd. (EIL) Govt. of India Undertaking (for 25 years) in Senior Position .Since Last more than 25 years After EIL from 1991 onwards, provided /providing Technical Consultancy Services to various private and public sector clients including Oil Sectors, Fertilizers, Thermal Power Plants & various other Industries as Independent Technical Consultant in the specialized field for the above and Served 50 Organizations /Industries/ Plants. Conducted various Advanced Training Programs & Workshops in India & Abroad. 
Member of various Institutions/ Organizations.  
Published/presented >135 Technical papers in various journals/ conferences/ seminars in India & Abroad and recipients of various best awards and medals.



R Suresh
Chief of Operation, Pipeline Infrastructure Limited


Paper Title: CORROSION AND OTHER INTEGITY ISSUES OF BURIED PIPELINES


Affiliation: Chief of Operation, Pipeline Infrastructure Limited


Abstract: Corrosion in pipeline is a menace, not only for Oil & Gas but for all industrial sectors. However, it is a natural phenomenon which cannot be eliminated but can only be reduced or retarded with adequate protection and condition monitoring. The global cost of corrosion is estimated to be US $2.5 trillion that is 3.4% of Global GDP in year 2013 (Based on IMPACT study by NACE). The first steel pipeline in the world was laid by the end of the 18th century (late 1800’s) without any protective systems. As years passed by, better coating and cathodic protection systems have evolved which have helped in preventing external corrosion to a great extent. However Internal corrosion was and continues to be a concern for many operators as the industry has witnessed some of the major accidents happening in pipelines transporting so-called bone-dry gas due to internal corrosion. Apart from corrosion, other time-independent threats like Third party damage, Stray current interference and Geotechnical hazards are very relevant today especially for emerging economies like India where the multi-dimensional developments are taking place at a fast rate in the areas of infrastructure and logistics. We have been witnessing the fury of nature and how such hazards have resulted into disasters, if remedial action is not taken on time. The floods at Narmada in 2013 leading to sudden & accelerated erosion of south river bank led to the rupture of many petroleum pipelines laid through HDD in a short corridor of less than 100m.  
The challenge to maintain the integrity of linear assets like pipeline further increases manifold due to the fact that pipelines passes through difficult & inaccessible terrains subjected to at least 24 known threats as specified by PNGRB. Though most of the threats can be mitigated to a large extent through a well-defined Integrity Management Plan (IMP) but there are certain time independent threats like third party damage, stray current interference and Geo-technical hazards where more focus is required, both in terms of monitoring & mitigation. The right mantra for O&M philosophy should always be Prevention First, Be prepared for the worst .This mantra if followed in letter & spirit would go a long way in operating the pipelines safely, without any untoward incident leading to loss of life, property & environment.


Biography : R Suresh, Chief of Operation in Pipeline Infrastructure Limited is an Electrical engineer with M Tech in Energy Studies. He has spent the past over 42 years in Indian hydrocarbon industry, starting his career with the Indian E&P company Oil & Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC) as Trainee Engineer in 1977. He joined Gas Authority of India Ltd (GAIL) in 1985 and during his 22 year’s tenure in GAIL, he handled various assignments ranging from execution of Mega projects, Operation & Maintenance large cross-country Pipelines and Petrochemical Complex, Marketing, etc and rose to the position of Executive Director.  
 
In 2007 he joined Reliance and was President (Pipeline Operation), managing gas and liquid hydrocarbon cross country pipelines of Reliance. Under his stewardship, Reliance’s largest cross country gas pipeline (EWPL) which connects East and West coasts of India got the distinction of being the 1st pipeline in the world to be honoured by British Safety Council multiple times for safety performance and environment performance. 
 
Recently, with the change of ownership of EWPL from Reliance to Pipeline Infrastructure Ltd, a company owned by Brookfield, he continues his assignment as the Chief of Operation of PIL.  
 
He pursues with passion the mantra of Safety, Reliability and Efficiency in Operation.



Soumakiyan Kichenamourthy
Passive Fire Protection Specialist


Paper Title: Durability testing of Intumescent Coatings used for fire protection of structural steel


Affiliation: Passive Fire Protection Specialist, South Asia


Abstract: Intumescent coatings are used for the fire protection of structural steel members in the construction of buildings and other structures. When exposed to fire, the intumescent coating reacts by swelling in a controlled manner to several times its original thickness to produce a char that insulates the steel 
 
The ingredients which cause fire protection materials to intumesce, and provide thermal protection, are very similar across a broad spectrum of products. The binder in which these intumescent ingredients are dispersed is the key to longevity and durability when considering fire protection and corrosion resistance. A loss of performance over time can result in the costly need to reapply the intumescent coating or the owners / operators will run the risk of inadequate performance in the unfortunate event of a fire 
 
Epoxy PFP has consistently proven to be superior with over 30 years of real time experience in severe environments around the globe. For most of the life of an Epoxy PFP, the primary function is that of a barrier coat to prevent the corrosion of the steel substrate and protection is required for the lifetime of the facility 
 
This presentation provides some insights into the durability testing of intumescent coatings for various applications


Biography : Soumakiyan Kichenamourthy (Souma) is a Passive Fire Protection Specialist and has been working in the Performance coatings industry for 21 years, predominately with Intumescent coatings. In his previous role as Product support manager for Fire & Insulation coatings, AkzoNobel, UK - he has gained extensive knowledge of Passive fire protection product development and product support, Global test standards, product testing and certifications and type approvals. He is an active member of the Fire Protection Association Australia, and sits on Technical Committee on Passive Fire Protection and Fire Safety, that develops Technical advisory notes and good practice guidance for passive fire protection industry



T Sundararajan
Head R&D, Wheels India Ltd


Paper Title: Corrosion Challenges in New Generation Automotives and their manufacturing


Affiliation: Head R&D, Wheels India Ltd, Chennai


Abstract: Light weighting and increased emission norms are continue to be the perennial objective of the automotive industry. The ability to introduce new lightweight materials and high performance coatings in new generation vehicles are not as simple like “remove and replace”. The direct corrosion challenges in light weighting are many fold namely, material selection for design concept, corrosion in supply chain, corrosion in manufacturing and performance in varied applications.  
 
Introducing the new materials and optimized designs poses significant challenge in the corrosion protection and resulted performance. For instance replacing high strength steels by reducing the thickness may results in the poor performance in the presence of corrosion compared to the conventional steel. Employing new materials such as aluminum alloys results in localized corrosion which results in catastrophic failures. Adaptation of high strength heat treated and electro plated components undergo hydrogen embrittlement and increase in emission norms results in high temperature protection materials and coating.  
 
The execution approaches of automotive light weighting and performance in terms of corrosion management and mitigation are discussed in the presentation. Typical case studies and analysis are discussed with core concept of selection and application of the lightweight materials for various automotive components.


Biography : Academic Qualifications Ph.D Material Engineering 
 
 
Field of work / interests Design and Development of Automotive  
components,  
Forming and Welding,  
Corrosion and Surface Engineering 
 
 
Awards & Achievements Fellow of ASM  
JSPS Post docotoral Fellow @ Osaka Univ 
Special Researcher at NIMS Japan for 5 years 
50+Inernaltional Publications; 
16 Patents applied; 6 Granted 
Chairman, ASM Chennai Chapter 
Governing council member, ARAI



Vijay Sharma
Director, Jindal Stainless


Paper Title: Corrosion, a major concern for the Industry- Development of New Applications


Affiliation: Director, Jindal Stainless


Abstract: With an estimated loss of 5% of the GPD every year in Corrosion, it is a major financial loss for any Nation. Corrosion is not limited to one sector or to one part of the Industry. Almost all Industries are affected badly and are struggling day in and day out to find out a concrete solution for the same. Apart from financial losses, it is affecting productivity of the plants, increased maintenance and resulting in higher life cycle cost. Many accidents in the past resulting in huge human loss namely Bhopal Tragedy etc. have also been on account of Corrosion.  
 
We have been dealing with Corrosion for last 5 decades across 32 sectors and have implemented many solutions in various industries. Key types of corrosion i.e. Galvanic, Uniform, Pitting, Crevice Corrosions are the main ones resulting in the heavy loss of material. With minimum 11% chromium in stainless steel, it makes a layer of chromium oxide on the surface, which makes it corrosion resistant & prevents heavy loss of material. Right selection of Stainless Steel grade can help mitigating corrosion in most of the applications and can add value in terms of higher life and reduce maintenance.  
 
In this presentation, We will talk about few technical aspects of the applications where we addressed corrosion issues and suggested solutions in Stainless Steel – 
1.Foot Over Bridge- Reducing Weight by 20% of the Structure , life will increase to 50 years with much higher safety on account of corroded structure.  
2.Bread Moulds- Improved hygiene aspects, baking efficiency by 15% & life increased by 2.5 times.  
3.E-Rickshaw- Higher safety of passengers ; increase life by 2.5 times, higher strength and light weight.  
4.Bus Body- Super Structure- Combination of Pipes in developing super structure addresses the safety issues in case of any accidents; provide higher strength to structure, reduce weight by 15% and saves close to Rs. 10K per annum in terms of fuel saving 
5.Water Tankers- Reduced Loss of Water on account of leakages prevention in Water tankers & other storage tanks.  
6.Roofing- Life increased to 15-20 years, especially in the factories where heat treatment section of the factory affects life of the structure badly and roofing even doesn’t last for 3-4 years.  
 
We have conducted more than 100 sessions in last 3 years for various fabricators in imparting technical knowledge on material and best fabrication practices to help the Industry in using stainless steel effectively. Moreover we have developed stainless steel vans to showcase possibilities in stainless steel & provide hands-on training onsite at the venue.  
 
It is important to work together in finding out specific solutions to various corrosion problems in the industry and work towards creating awareness & implement the same. We intend to work closely with NACE in developing the solutions and use the NACE Platform to share the knowledge and mitigate corrosion.


Biography : Mr. Vijay Sharma, a spokesperson of Jindal Stainless Group, serves as Director of the company. He is responsible for driving National and International Sales, Business Development & Distribution network for the organization. Mr. Sharma also oversees profitability of the Service center chains of the Group in India and in Spain.  
A veteran in the area of Sales and Marketing with over 35 years of experience, Mr. Sharma has steered diverse and connected roles in the areas of Sales, Distribution, Corporate Branding, Marketing & Business Development, Strategy Formulation, market research & product development, customer outreach & satisfaction in both Industrial & Consumer domain. His proven abilities in business analytics, business transformation, innovation, team building, process optimization, scalable operations and organization development have enabled him to lead some of the best performing and engaged teams. His contribution in building & replicating many new applications across 30+ sectors has helped company to grow manifold in last 2 decades thereby increasing per capita consumption in the country.  
A widely travelled professional, Mr. Sharma brings to the table his keen insights from exposure to more than 50 countries. 
An able orator and an avid social media proponent, Mr. Sharma is a regular faculty and presenter in premium academic institutes, national & international conferences. Prior to joining Jindal Stainless, he worked with Escorts Yamaha India, in the area of automobiles. He has been awarded multiple accolades for his contribution in Stainless Steel & Automotive Industry globally.  
Mr. Sharma is an Engineer and MBA in Sales & Marketing from premier institutes of India.



Vinay Gupta
Director & CEO


Paper Title: CORROSION PREVENTION OF CONCRETE BRIDGES: STATE OF THE ART PROVISIONS OF MORTH SPECIFICATIONS AND SOME RECENT EXPERIENCES


Affiliation: DIRECTOR & CEO 
M/S TANDON CONSULTANTS PVT LTD, NEW DELHI


Abstract: There have been a large number of distresses of bridges in India and abroad. Quality of construction has often been said to be the main cause of the same. But, it is not always so. Lack of awareness of durability provisions has been a cause of such distresses in many cases. Until 1980s, durability provisions did not adequately exist in the Indian codes. IRC:SP:33 was the first document, published in late 90s to bring in mandatory provisions regarding durability, which was majorly a consequence of large scale distresses in the first Thane Creek Bridge among others.  
 
Of late, the durability provisions have been made integral part of the design codes, such as IRC:112, IRC:24, MORTH Specifications for Road & Bridge Works, etc. Apart from concrete grade, water – cement ratio, minimum cement content & cover to reinforcement, protective coatings for embedded steel & concrete, corrosion inhibitors, use of stainless steel reinforcement, etc have been emphasized. Tests for permeability (water permeability, Rapid Chloride Ion Permeability Test, etc) have been incorporated to ensure that the structure possesses at least 100 years design life in the given environmental conditions. Similarly, use of blended cements and micro silica has been encouraged for better particle packing, reduced heat of hydration and chemical passivation, all eventually leading to more crack free & durable concrete. 
 
Cold countries like UK have one more added problem, ie use of de-icing salts that contain large quantity of Sodium Chloride, sufficient to corrode the embedded steel. It is said that UK has been spending half of its infrastructure budget on maintenance & repair of their existing bridges. 
 
Prestressed concrete bridges have an added problem of corrosion because pretressing steel being at much higher stress level compared to passive reinforcement, is akin to corrosion faster. For this purpose, quality of grout becomes extremely important, which is the primary protection for the steel.  
 
All the above issues with live examples are a part of the presentation.


Biography : Having completed his Civil Engineering from BITS, Pilani, India in 1983, Er Vinay Gupta has been serving M/S Tandon Consultants Pvt Ltd, India since 1987, lately as Director & CEO. He has been involved in planning & designing and of various bridges, flyovers, vehicular underpasses, long span and tall buildings, steel structures, chimneys and quality control documents. He is an active member of various Codes and Standards Committees of BIS and IRC in India dealing with Earthquake Engineering, Special Structures, Loads & Load Combinations, Concrete Bridges, Bearings & Expansion Joints etc. His contributions include preparation of IRC:SP:65 (Design and Construction of Segmental Bridges), IRC:SP:71 (Design and Construction of Precast Pretensioned Girders for Bridges), etc. He has been honored with awards for the best papers titled “Seismic Design and Construction of Radisson Hotel, New Delhi” and “Launching Systems for Segmental Bridges” both by IBC, best paper titled “Precast Concrete Stations for Metro Projects: A Challenge to Designers & Constructors” by UKIERI and “Prestressed Concrete Design Award-2013” by IEI (The Institution of Engineers, India). He has authored about 100 technical papers in civil engineering journals & conferences and has been lecturing as Guest Faculty in NITHE, CRRI, CIDC, ISDA, DPC, etc. He is all India President of ICI (Indian Concrete Institute). Er Gupta is also the President of IIBE (Indian Institution of Bridge Engineers).



Yousef  Khuraibut
Senior Engineer Corrosion


Paper Title: Elemental Sulfur Corrosion in Tank Vapor Outlet


Affiliation: Senior Engineer Corrosion,  
Kuwait Oil Company (KOC),Kuwait


Abstract: During preventive maintenance survey in one of the Oil & Gas production facility in Kuwait Oil Company (KOC), accumulation of elemental sulfur was observed in the LP gas Knockout drum, which remove moisture from the gas heading to the booster station. The formation and presence of elemental Sulfur (S8) in any gas stream, if found, is concerning, as it is well established that Oxygen and H2S play a major role for it to form. These components are known to accelerate corrosion and eventually leading to unwanted consequences (leakages, facility shutdown, incidents...etc.), specially in gas streams.  
 
Inspection records indicated that in recent past, a failure occurred in 30” dia. tank vapor line up stream of the knockout drum, causing an emergency plant shutdown. As a result, an investigation was carried out to determine the root causes for the elemental Sulfur formation and its relation to the TV gas failure. The results of this investigation is presented in this paper. 
 
Key words: TV Gas, LP Gas Knockout Drum, Deposits, Elemental Sulfur, Corrosion


Biography : Yousef Khuraibut has been working in Kuwait oil company for the past 18 years. His expertise is in the field of in internal corrosion monitoring methods, techniques, forecasting current / future corrosion risks and mitigations. He is a senior corrosion engineer in the Internal Corrosion Monitoring Program in the inspection & corrosion team. 
He has been a NACE member since 2005 and is NACE certified instructor for the internal corrosion program. He is also, certified NACE chemical treatment specialist.  
Yousef is currently working with NACE international and in the process of establishing “Internal corrosion monitoring techniques & advancements” Technical Evaluation Group (TEG-Expected in 2020), to unify the procedures, standards and methodology for oil & gas industry. 
Yousef have many papers published in various corrosion conferences around the world as well as many articles published in Material Performance (MP) magazine.



Dr. M. Patri
Outstanding Scientist and Director


Paper Title: Corrosion and its mitigation : Naval scenario


Affiliation: Outstanding Scientist and Director, Naval Materials Research Laboratory


Abstract: Corrosion is one of the major problem which affect the service life and operational availability of ships and increases the cost of maintainence and some time leads to precious loss of man power. The defence scientists along with industrial sectors continue to develop effective analytic methods and technology paths and also implemented best practices in the most effective possible manner for controlling corrosion of ships. Naval Materials Research Laboratory (NMRL) is poineer in developing various corrosion protection technologies for Indian Navy as well as coast guard. For corrosion protection of underwater ship hull and other immersed and floating structures, NMRL developed paint systems such as anticorrosive and antifouling paints, Heavy duty non-skid paint, fire retardant paint, solvent free acid resistance paints which are already in service. NMRL is also working on special paints such as self stratified coating, self cleaning, self healing, peelable, deck overlay coating and flame spray coating. Along with paint system, impressed cathodic protection system and sacrificial Al and Zn based anodes are also being developed and used by Indian Navy. NMRL is effectively solving the problems that reduce the cost of corrosion and have such a profound impact on the safety and availability of ships for operational availability. This significant first step will be the model for future organisations and partnerships to continue to effectively address the insidious effects of corrosion in Naval sector. This presentation covers various problems faced by Naval ships due to corrosion, their corrosion protection methods, problems associated with cathodic protection and what Navy wants from academic and other research organisations.


Biography : Dr Manoranjan Patri, Scientist 'G' is a Director, Naval Materials Research Laboratory. He received his MSc degree in Chemistry from Berhampur University, Odisha with university Gold medal. He received his Ph.D in the field of Polymer Synthesis and characterization from IIT Delhi in 1990. 
Dr M. Patri joined Naval Materials Research Laboratory (NMRL) Ambernath in the year 1988 and has been in the fore front of R&D work on design, development and production of polymeric and rubber products for Naval application. He has been instrumental in the development of a range of interpenetrating polymer networks (IPNs), productionisation of tin based antifouling resin and paint, different types of rubber products for marine application, polymer electrolyte membrane for fuel cell, polymer nanocompositess, light emitting & electro-active polymers, high strength epoxy and rubber adhesives, polyurethane sealant, polymeric rubbing fenders etc. Many of these products have been productionised, inducted in Indian Navy and the technologies for all these products have been transferred to industries. 
As Director, NMRL, Dr M Patri is spearheading a team of scientists in the areas of materials and systems for Naval applications viz., marine materials, protective technologies, ceramics, polymers, fuel cells etc. 
Dr M Patri has 68 publications to his credit in International & National research journals, 23 Conference papers and 11 patents on his name. He has also guided 6 PhD students. He was K.S.S. Raghavan Chemical Weekly Visiting Professor in Polymer Science and Technology for the year 2010-2011 at Institute of Chemical Technology, Mumbai. 
Dr M Patri has received Laboratory Level Scientist of the year award & DRDO Technology citation in year 2001, DRDO Science Award Citation in year 2002 and Laboratory Level Technology Group award in year 2008. Recently he was bestowed DRDO Agni Award for Excellence in Self-Reliance - 2015. 
He is Member of various professional societies viz. The Society of Polymer Science, Institute of Smart Structures & Systems, Acoustic Society of India, Asian Polymer Association and Orissa Chemical Society.



Patrick J. Teevens
President


Paper Title: Corrosion Monitoring and Testing: Advances to 2019


Affiliation: President, Broadsword Corrosion Engineering Ltd. 
Calgary, Alberta, CANADA


Abstract: This presentation looks at the advances in both monitoring and testing as it is being applied to petroleum pipeline and related processing unit operations. The days of slow, cumbersome and lagging indicator methodologies for monitoring are being eclipsed by the application of maturing technologies where real-time interfaces are essential and invariably leading indicators. Testing as well, has advanced beyond the mode of bench-top tests at atmospheric pressure to simulated operating conditions representative of an operator’s assets using their own fluids. The only perceived “impediment” is cost when indeed the real cost differential is the many failures and lost production incurred through the use of “cheap” technologies.


Biography : ?43+ years oilfield industry experience having worked extensively in Canada, US, South America, Middle East, China, India, Malaysia and Australia/New Zealand 
 
?NACE International 2017 Technical Achievement Award CORROSION 2017, New Orleans (March 29th, 2017) 
 
?NACE International 2019 NACE International Fellow Honour (CORROSION 2019, Nashville (March 27th, 2019) 
?B.Sc. (Chemistry) University of Calgary (specialization in inorganic and electrochemistry) (June 1978) 
 
?P.Eng. (Chemical Engineering) Alberta (#M34106), British Columbia (#19380) and Ontario (#100229333)  
?NACE Corrosion Specialist, P 1985 NACE International, Corrosion Specialist, P (Professional Engineer), #2842, Houston, Texas 
?NACE Internal Corrosion Specialist 2013 NACE International, Internal Corrosion Specialist (Cert #2842, Houston, Texas) 
?NACE Cathodic Protection Specialist 1985 as a NACE International, Cathodic Protection Specialist, (Cert #2842 Houston, Texas) 
?Member, Chemical Institute of Canada (MCIC) Professional designation 1977 practicing chemists in Canada (#6603, Ottawa, Canada) 
 
 
?API 510 Pressure Vessel Inspector 1992 (#1340, Washington, D.C.) 
 
?LEAD INSTRUCTOR NACE INTERNATIONAL: 
 
“Internal Corrosion for Pipelines Courses – Basic & Advanced”  
 
“Pipeline Corrosion Integrity Management - PCIM”  
 
“Direct Assessment (DA) Course” 
 
“In-Line Inspection (ILI) Course” 
 
?NACE International Chair, TG-305, Wet Gas ICDA, for SP0110-2010 
 
?NACE International Vice-Chair, TG-426, Multiphase Flow ICDA, for the new SP0116-2016 
 
?Canadian Forces Decoration (CD) Awarded in 1983 for service in the Royal Canadian Naval Reserve (RCNR)



Anand Kumar Tewari
Executive Director


Paper Title: Corrosion in Oil and Gas


Affiliation: Indian Oil Corporation Limited 
Executive Director, Pipelines Division


Abstract: Corrosion in the modern society is one of the most challenging problems in any industry. Recent industrial catastrophes have it that many industries have lost several billions of dollars as a result of corrosion. Combating corrosion in the oil and gas industry is paramount since the economic loss in these industries due to corrosion is extremely high. In the oil and gas production industries, the major forms of corrosion include sweet corrosion, sour corrosion, oxygen corrosion, galvanic corrosion, crevice corrosion, erosion corrosion, microbiologically induced corrosion, and stress corrosion cracking. 
 
As per the NACE International IMPACT study done during 2013, the global cost of corrosion is estimated to be US$2.5 trillion per year, which is equivalent to 3.4% of the global Gross Domestic Product (GDP). As far as India is concerned, as per the 2016 NACE International IMPACT study, India’s total cost of corrosion amounts to $70.3 billion, which is 4.2 percent of its GDP.  
 
Various types of corrosion and corroding agents associated with them in the oil and gas industry has to be examined alongside with ways of mitigating them. If we talk about transportation of petroleum products, in India there are close to 44,500km of cross-country pipeline under operation. Integrity management of such an enormous infrastructure is going to be one of vital activities for any pipeline operator. 
 
Considering the importance of corrosion in Oil & Gas industry, it is a need of the hour to have a proactive approach for adopting mitigation strategies namely improving the quality of material of construction, development of infrastructure in India for inspection & testing of specialised materials, development and introduction of specialised coating/paint material for steel structures, development/upgradation of pipe forming mills, development of dosing chemicals, development of advance corrosion monitoring and inspection plan so as to have a substantial reduction in corrosion across the industry, which shall lead to a huge amount of savings in cost of corrosion to the nation. 
 
Keywords: Corrosion, Oil & Gas, NACE


Biography : Mechanical Engineer 
MBA (Marketing) 
Diploma in Human Resources 
Project Management “C” level 
Certified Energy Auditor 
PhD Scholar with University of Petroleum and Energy Studies, Dehradun 
 
•Mechanical Design of Pipeline project and station facilities  
•Design and Execution of Pipeline project  
•Operation and Maintenance of cross country Petroleum Pipelines 
•Corrosion Monitoring and Integrity Management of Pipelines (Onshore & Offshore) 
•Maintenance and Inspection of station rotary equipment’s like Heavy duty engines, pumps, compressors , DG sets , tank farms and Offshore terminals 
•Over 37 years of experience in the field of Oil Pipelines. 
•Handled various assignment in O&M of cross country crude oil, Petroleum Product and Gas Pipeline. 
•Design, Technical services, Project Execution, Contracting Budgeting and Monitoring in different locations, regions



Christopher Do
President & CEO


Paper Title: THE USE OF HANGING ANODES FOR LIFE EXTENSION OF PLATFORM CATHODIC PROTECTION


Affiliation: President & CEO – IEV Holdings Limited


Abstract: The low-oil price era has prompted many oil and gas operators to consider innovative engineering solutions that can generate cost savings and extend life of existing assets. As many ageing offshore facilities have passed their design life, the need to extend their cathodic protection (CP) system has to be addressed as well.  
 
Traditional methods of CP retrofit involve divers or ROV intervention, which costs increase significantly for platforms located in saturation diving depth. A new method of CP life extension using hanging galvanic anode strings, which is gaining momentum in the Gulf of Mexico due its significant cost benefit, has been analysed for structures in Asian waters, with water depth up to 100m and cyclone conditions.  
 
In this paper, IEV will introduce the results of its engineering study on hanging anode strings and discuss how they can be safely and effectively employed on existing offshore facilities. The paper will cover both string design and the loading consideration on structural integrity of existing platforms.


Biography : Christopher Do is the Group’s founder and President & CEO of IEV Holdings Limited, a company listed on the Singapore Stock Exchange. He graduated from the University of New South Wales, Australia, in 1984 with a Bachelor’s Degree in Mechanical Engineering (First Class Honours).  
Mr. Do established IEV in 1987 to commercialie his pioneering invention, the "ocean-powered" Marine Growth Control (“MGC”) technology. Under his leadership, IEV has grown in the last 30 years offering an array of technologies to cater for the life-cycle of offshore fields ranging from the installation, life extension and decommissioning of fixed platforms. Mr. Do is also integral to the formation of IEV’s vision to build a centre of disruptive technologies and launch a range of cost-effective and innovative technologies and solutions that challenges the norm in the oil and gas industry, a key sustainable strategy in the low oil price environment.



Dr. S. RANGARAJAN
Head, Water & Steam Chemistry Division


Paper Title: Corrosion and Management in Operating Nuclear Power Plants


Affiliation: Head, Water & Steam Chemistry Division,  
BARCF, Kalpakkam-603102 &  
Professor, Homi Bhabha National Institute, BARC, Mumbai-400085 


Abstract: Corrosion is the major operating mechanism limiting not only the service life of the power plants, but also their operational safety. In the strategic primary circuit of a typical Pressurised Heavy Water Reactor (PHWR), the corrosion of the structural materials not only leads to the loss of costly heavy water, but also the spreading of radioactivity from the primary to the secondary side. In the steam generator (SG) circuit where boiling takes place, corrosion leads to increased ionic concentration in solution and subsequent deposition of corrosion products on the steam generator tubes which drastically affect the heat transfer efficiency. Similarly, on the tertiary cooling water side, biofouling and subsequent microbial corrosion affects the integrity of the heat exchanger / condenser tubes leading to loss of efficiency, high operational cost and increased shut down time of the power plants. In this talk, the various corrosion mechanisms that take place in the primary, secondary and tertiary circuits and how these are mitigated or managed in the operating power plants are elaborated and discussed.


Biography : Prof. Dr. S. Rangarajan joined BARC in 1984 after successful completion of one year Orientation Course in Nuclear Sciences. He did his B.Sc Chemistry from Madras Christian College, Tambaram, MSc. Analytical Chemistry from Dept. of Analytical Chemistry, University of Madras and Ph.D in Analytical Chemistry from Madras University.  
 
His achievements include design and development of High Temperature pH probes, Computer code for Activity Transport Modeling, Expert System for Water Chemistry Monitoring in reactor circuits, Electrochemical Corrosion & Speciation studies for Reactor Applications. 
 
His current interest includes development of Molten Salt electrochemistry, ELOMIX process for Waste minimization, Flow accelerated Corrosion, Nano- grain oxide films and Radiolysis studies for Advanced Heavy Water Reactors. He has been a visiting scientist to Graduate School of Environmental Studies and Fracture Research Institute, both in Tohoku University, Japan and Dept. of Applied Chemistry & Biochemistry in Kumamoto University, Japan. He is also a faculty member of Homi Bhabha National Institute, Mumbai. 
 
He is a member a many Professional bodies like NIGIS(SZ), SACSE and AWARE. He is the co-chairman of DAE Advisory Committee on Steam and Water Chemistry (COSWAC) which controls the chemistry specifications for all the Indian nuclear power plants. He has to his credit, ~140 publications in Journals, Conference proceedings and books. Currently, he is heading the Water and Steam Chemistry Division, BARC Facilities, Kalpakkam



Dr. Sanjeev S. Katti
Director


Paper Title: Material Challenges in Energy & Chemical Industries


Affiliation: Director General , ONGC Energy Centre , Delhi


Abstract: NA


Biography : Dr. Sanjeev S. Katti is presently DIRECTOR GENERAL at ONGC ENERGY CENTRE (OEC) in Delhi, where he is instrumental in leading Research, Development, and Demonstration (R D & D) projects for implementing the OEC vision of harnessing science and technology to meet the national energy needs of tomorrow in a clean and sustainable manner. He has over thirty five years of diversified technical and managerial experience in the global chemical/petrochemical and biopharma/biotech industry. 
After achieving an outstanding academic record in India, including B.Chem. Eng. Gold Medal at UDCT/ICT and first rank in the Maharashtra State S.S.C. Board, he moved to USA for higher studies. He holds a Master’s degree in Chemical Engineering from the University of Pittsburgh & a Doctorate in Chemical Engineering from the University of Delaware. He also holds an MBA degree from Northwood University, Midland, Michigan.  
Prior to joining OEC, he has held key positions in leading US Companies such as Dow and Genzyme, and was Senior V.P. in Reliance in India for five years. He has expertise in wide spectrum of chemical & bio processes such as Chemical Reaction Engineering (kinetics, catalysis and reactor design), Industrial Mixing, Process Scale-up & Trouble Shooting, Debottlenecking and Optimization, Downstream Processing & Fermentation, Chromatography & Separations, and Process Economics. He has broad experience in technology assessment and planning, opportunity and economic analysis, development and commercialization of technology, technology transfer, and strategy formulation. 
Author of numerous papers, publications and patents, he has co-authored a chapter on “Industrial Mixing Technology” in Albright’s Chemical Engineering Handbook. His academic and professional distinction has been recognized nationally and internationally by plenary lectureships, fellowships, and numerous awards. He has been an endowed visiting professor at the Department of Chemical Technology (UDCT) at the University of Mumbai, and an adjunct professor at the Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences (MCPHS). He was awarded the Hutchison Medal by the (British) Institute of Chemical Engineers in 1995. A Fellow of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers (A.I.Ch.E.), he is on the Industrial Advisory Board of the University of Massachusetts at Amherst. He is also a Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry (U.K.) and a Fellow of the Indian Institute of Chemical Engineers (I.I.Ch.E.). 
He is a National Council Member of the Indian Institute of Chemical Engineers (I.I.Ch.E.) and the Indian Desalination Association (InDA). He has been and continues to be an active member/chairman of several national and international scientific/technical advisory committees, both in Government (MoPNG, MHRD, DST, etc.) and in Professional Organizations (AIChE, IICHE, ISCRE, ENCIS, FIPI, LKMT, etc.) and has given over ten keynote addresses and plenary lectures in the last ten months.



N.S.S. Rajan
President and CEO


Paper Title: Factors On Tank Lining For Corrosion Prevention In Chemical And Fertilizer Industries


Affiliation: President and CEO of AKHANDS Enterprises 
Chennai


Abstract: Points to be incorporated in the concept stage: 1.) Proper fabrication of the steel equipment and 2.) The Operation/Maintenance points for long life service of the protective lining . 
  
The operating temperature, vacuum, cyclic temperature changes, agitation, particle size distribution of the abrasive, process additives, presence of impurities (even in traces) in the medium have to be noted, in order to offer the suitable tank lining polymer composition. 
  
Performance of the lining: When the chemical media stored in the lined process vessel first comes in contact with the lining, i.e., it wets the lining surface. As time goes, there is absorption of the chemical by the lining barrier- diffusion/permeation, till the diffusion has penetrated up to the total thickness.  In the meanwhile, the chemical diffused starts reacting with the chemicals incorporated in the lining compound recipe, and leaches. Ultimately the lining which was dense and not porous at the beginning,  turns out to be totally porous, thus ending the life cycle of the lining. This is gauged by the diffusivity coefficient for each lining compound recipe.  
  
Importance of Contact Angle measurements: Many hydrophobic and superhydrophobic, hybrid organic - inorganic nanomaterials are the latest technologies to prevent corrosion. 
  
The resistance offered for diffusion is inversely proportional to the square of the thickness of the lining, in mm and at equal temperatures. For example, 6 mm thick lining is four times more resistant than a lining of 3 mm thickness. 
  
The speed of diffusion in the temperature range 20 to 80 centigrade, is proportional to the temperature increase.


Biography : Industry Experience in Work Experience with Int’l tech companies 
Rubber Processing Industries Krebs-Zurich, Switzerland 
Special Engineering Plastics (PTFE) De Nora, Milano, Italy 
Aqua Farm for culturing Black Tiger Shrimp Uhde, Germany. 
Sea water Intake Systems SocieteChimique De Gerland, Lyon, France. 
Solvent Recovery Systems Ohji Rubber & Chemicals Co. Ltd, Hofu, Japan 
Effluent treatment plants Fluorocarbon Company Ltd, Manchester, U.K. 
Air Pollution Control Systems (Wet Scrubber) 
Design and Engineering Environmental Elements Corporation, Baltimore, U.S.A. 
Electrolytic Caustic Soda Chlorine 
Sodium Hydrosulphite Ameg (U.K.) Ltd. 
Range of work experience: 
Field work in Foreign countries 
Import substitution Personnel – Staff, Labour, HRD 
EPC contracts 
Evaluation of Technology Value Engineering Purchase 
Technical Sales, Customer Relations Plant Operation and maintenance Project Sales 
Research and Development 
Export market development Cost Reduction Diversification 
Marketing, Domestic as well as export Project Engineering, Scheduling, Implementation Negotiation with Financial Institutions



H K Varma
Bioceramic laboratory


Paper Title: Bioactive and Bioresorbable materials for Bone Tissue Regeneration


Affiliation: Bioceramic laboratory, Biomedical Technology Wing 
Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for  
Medical Sciences and Technology


Abstract: Synthetic biomaterials have been used as bone grafts and devices over the last two decades. While autogenic bone is the gold standard, their limited availability and donor site morbidity lead to the search for alternate sources such as allografts and synthetic biomaterials. Synthetic biomaterials, mainly, bioactive ceramics are widely tried as bone substitutes owing to their biocompatibility. They elicit very little inflammation and has the ability to integrate with the surrounding bone. In clinical point of view the ideal ceramic bone graft substitute should be the one that rapidly integrates with the host bone, attains optimum mechanical stability very quickly and disappears rapidly after its function has been achieved with minimum toxic byproducts, allowing replacement by host bone. Bioactive ceramics, glasses and cements have already made their mark in bone graft substitution. The Bioceramics Laboratory at SCTIMST had been working on these materials over the last decade dealing from the synthesis to clinical applications. Various technologies for manufacturing calcium phosphates based ceramics (dense and porous), bioactive ceramic composites (calcium-phosphate-silica systems) and calcium phosphate cements have been developed. A number of such products are used in India by orthopaedic surgeons as well as dental doctors. Bone tissue engineering is emerging as a solution for problems such as large bone segmental defects. Search for new generation bioactive materials and devices is a never ending process and essentially to meet the demand from clinicians for better and faster solutions to unmet clinical problems.


Biography : Harikrishna P.R. Varma is the Head of Biomedical Technology Wing of Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Trivandrum, Kerala (SCTIMST) under Department of Science and Technology, Government of India. Ph.D from Regional Research Laboratory (CSIR) ( now NIIST) Trivandrum in 1993 and Joined in SCTIMST. Engaged in the research and development of various bioactive ceramics and Technologies of bioceramic based bone implants developed in the lab had been transferred to four industries. Product currently available in the market under the trade names B Ostin®, Grabio Glascera, Biograft HABG etc.  
 
Did post doctoral research at National Industrial Research Institute of Nagoya, Japan during 1997-1998 as an STA fellow. Was a Visiting Fellow at Queen Mary and Westfield College, University of London during 1994. INDO- DAAD fellow at University of Kaiserlautern , Germany and at Technical University of Dresden Germany . Was a senior JSPS fellow at AIST, Nagoya, Japan during 2002. Currently two international collaborative programmes are running with University of Dresden, Germany and Osaka City University, Japan. Published more than 140 research papers in International Journals and have 12 Indian and one Japanese patent with more than 3200 citations and h index of 33. Received the prestigious MRSI medal ( Materials Research society of India) for the year 2010 and is a Fellow of both Indian Institute of Ceramics and Society for Biomaterials and Artificial Organs( SBAOI). Dr.Varma was the President of SBAOI (2014-2017).



Pinaki Deshmukh
Chief General Manager


Paper Title: Corrosion Challenges in Petroleum Refineries & Effective Corrosion Monitoring System


Affiliation: Chief General Manager ( Engineering Services & Inspection)


Abstract: Since inception of petroleum refining industry, corrosion remained a major challenge due to its potential economic impact on refinery operation & safety concerns. With stringent environmental restrictions & shrinking refining margin, over the years operation of petroleum refinery had become more & more complex. Opting for processing of cheap opportunity crudes, introduction of high pressure & temperature operations eg. Hydrotreater / Cracking, not only added to the complexity of operation but also aggravated corrosion problem in refinery operation.  
 
Combating corrosion in the oil and gas industry is paramount since the economic loss in these industries due to corrosion is extremely high. Now a days, refining industry cannot afford to have any unscheduled shutdown / suspension of any operation due to corrosion failures. Challenges remained in effective corrosion management starting from the stage of new construction. Selection of appropriate metallurgy, proper quality control at construction stage, operating the plant within design operating window, effective monitoring of critical operating parameters having direct / indirect impact on corrosion, proper implementation of corrosion control measures, availability of skilled & experienced corrosion manpower are some of the areas which need special attention. In spite of challenges, risk of corrosion related failures in refineries can very well be kept at minimum with concerted effort & immediate response of Design, Operation, Quality & Corrosion team in key attention areas.


Biography : -Qualification: BE (Metallurgical Engineering) from Jadavpur University, Kolkata. Passed in the year of 1981. Joined Indian Oil as Inspection & Corrosion Engineer in 1981.  
-Having more than 35years of experience in the Inspection and Corrosion field of petroleum refinery. Presently in charge of Inspection & Engineering services Departments at Paradip Refinery of Indian Oil Corporation Ltd.  
-A regular faculty for various training programmes in Inspection & Corrosion field. As a faculty, conducted an exclusive 5 days training programme on “Internal corrosion of pipelines” at Kuwait Petroleum Corporation, Kuwait.  
-Presented various technical papers on “Inspection & Corrosion” field in various conferences & forums.  
-A member of NACE since 2006 & life member of ISNT.