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"Jaipur Exhibition & Convention Centre"(JECC)

30th Sept – 3rd Oct 2018 Jaipur, Rajasthan, India

Keynote Talk

Carsten Schwandt
Department of Materials Science

Paper Title: Laser Welding of Titanium Alloy under Cathodic Protection

Affiliation: Department of Materials Science and Metallurgy, 
University of Nizwa, 
Birkat Al Mouz Initial Campus, 616 Nizwa, 
Sultanate of Oman 
Department of Materials Science and Metallurgy, 
University of Cambridge, 
27 Charles Babbage Road, Cambridge CB3 0FS, 
United Kingdom

Abstract: The FFC-Cambridge process is a generic molten salt electrolytic method that was invented at the Department of Materials Science and Metallurgy of the University of Cambridge more than one decade ago. This process is commonly used for the direct conversion of metal oxides into the corresponding metals and alloys through the cathodic polarisation of the oxide in a molten salt electrolyte based on calcium chloride, and a range of academically and commercially interesting materials have been made in this way in the past. However, beyond this, the FFC concept may also be applied to preclude the ingress of oxygen into metal substrates while processed under extreme experimental conditions. 
In the present study, laser beam melting of titanium alloy Ti-6Al-4V was performed with an Yb-fibre laser to produce weld pools under a range of conditions. These included the use of a flux covering of molten calcium fluoride or a molten mixture of calcium fluoride and sodium fluoride, in an atmosphere of ambient air, either with or without the application of cathodic protection to the Ti-6Al-4V. In the absence of flux, considerable oxidation of the metal occurred. In contrast, in the presence of flux, the degree of oxidation was greatly reduced. In addition, the application of a modest cathodic potential to the flux-covered metal reduced the pick-up of oxygen even further. The results suggest that the use of an appropriate flux combined with cathodic protection when fusion welding titanium and its alloys may offer advantages in circumstances where inert gas shielding is not always feasible, for example, in certain site welding applications.

Biography : Carsten Schwandt graduated with a Master’s Degree in Chemistry from Braunschweig University of Technology and earned a Doctorate Degree in Natural Sciences at the Max-Planck-Institute for Solid State Research Stuttgart, both in Germany. In 1998, he joined the Department of Materials Science and Metallurgy at the University of Cambridge, UK, where he held research and teaching positions. In 2013, Carsten became the National Chair Professor of Materials Science and Metallurgy of the Sultanate of Oman. He is also a Distinguished Visiting Fellow at his previous affiliation in Cambridge and a Fellow of the UK's Institute of Materials, Minerals and Mining IOM3. 
Carsten has a diverse research portfolio in the realms of materials processing and environmental sustainability. His specific areas of interest are the development of molten salt processes for upgrading earth-abundant resources and the synthesis of materials for energy and sensor applications. Carsten has acquired considerable experience in industrial liaising and technology transfer and has one commercialised technology in the area of electrochemical sensors. He holds one directorship and is a consultant to several university spin-out companies. He is a member of four professional bodies and continues to serve on two UK-based scientific committees.

David L. Johnson
Vice President & General Manager

Paper Title: “Offshore Structure Life Extension Using Low-Cost Diver-less Cathodic Protection Retrofit Systems”

Affiliation: Vice President & General Manager of Galvotec Corrosion Services, Associated with IEV Engineering (India) Pvt. Ltd.

Abstract: One of the major expenses in any offshore structure anode replacement system has been the high diving and/ or ROV costs, along with the costs of their support vessels. If these expenditures can be eliminated, the overall price of an installed cathodic protection system can be greatly reduced. For structures in depths up to 75 meters a diver-less installed galvanic Aluminium anode system has seen great acceptance. This system will be discussed along with examples of these installations. For structures with AC power available and that have a high current requirements, a diver-less installed impressed current system that has been used on structures in depths to 125 meters will be discussed. Both of these systems have proven track records of use and have become common retrofit techniques in the Gulf of Mexico and can be installed worldwide.

Biography : Upon graduation from college in 1972 Mr. Johnson was employed in the offshore anode retrofit industry and worked may years with the company that introduced aluminium anodes to the offshore old industry. He was involved in the development and installation of many of the earliest retrofit aluminium anode systems developing a number of the standard installation systems and techniques used today on offshore structures. He project managed many diving installations over his career and even was the division manager for Cathodic Protection for another major international diving company. He was the first to author a paper on the design of anode core shapes for offshore aluminium anodes after discovering design defects in the early types of core materials used in aluminium anodes. He has worked on the development of impressed current systems for offshore use and has developed installation techniques that require less installation time and cost than systems requiring diving or ROV intervention. In 2018 Mr. Johnson has been recognized for his 45 year membership in NACE. He has held numerous volunteer positions within NACE and is a Past USA Central Area Chairman. Presently he is the Chairman of a NACE Technical Committee writing a State of Art Report entitled: “Retrofit of Cathodic Protection Systems for Fixed Offshore Platforms”. For the past 21 year Mr. Johnson has been the Vice President and General Manager of Galvotec Corrosion Services based in New Orleans, Louisiana and have been involved in the production and installation of offshore cathodic protection systems of both galvanic aluminium anodes as well as the exclusive distributor for the Lockheed Martin developed Vertical Tension Anode system.

Prof. K. A. Natarajan
NASI Honorary Scientist


Affiliation: NASI Honorary Scientist & Emeritus Professor Department of Materials Engineering Indian Institute of Science Bangalore 560012.

Abstract: Biofouling refers to adhesion of micro-and macro-organisms on metal substrates leading to biofilm formation. Microbially-influenced corrosion (MIC) on metals and alloys is a consequence of such biofilm formation and many strategic industries such as nuclear power, oil and gas production and transport, marine vessels and structures are significantly affected. In this lecture microbiological and physicochemical aspects of biofouling and MIC are illustrated with examples. Mechanisms in MIC of steels under different industrial conditions are detailed. MIC-causing microorganisms such as sulphur and iron oxidizing bacteria and Sulfate Reducing Bacteria (SRB) are illustrated. Methods of failure analysis and prevention methods are brought out.

Biography : Prof.K.A. Natarajan, currently NASI Honorary Scientist and Emeritus Professor at Department of Materials Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore. 
BSc (Chemistry) Kerala 
BE (Metallurgy) IISc, Bangalore 
MS (Met-Engg) Univ. of Minnesota, USA 
Ph.D (Met. Engg. ) Univ. of Minnesota, USA 
DSc (IISc, Bangalore) 
Major awards:  
Alumni Award for Excellence in Engineering Research, IISc, Bangalore 
Biotech Product and Process Development and Commercialization Award (Dept. of Biotechnology, Govt. of India) 
National Metallurgist Award, (Ministry of Steel, Govt. of India) 
National Mineral Award (Ministry of Mines, Govt. of India) 
NIGIS Life Time Achievement Award in Corrosion Engineering 
Fellow ships: 
Fellow: Indian Academy of Sciences 
Indian National Academy of Engineering  
National Academy of Sciences, India 
Life Fellow: Indian Institute of Metals 
350 Research publication in the areas of corrosion, Bio-minerals Processing and Mineral beneficiation

Masatoshi SAKAIRI
Assoc. Prof.

Paper Title: Role of cations on wet corrosion behaviour of metals

Affiliation: Assoc. Prof., Dr. of Eng., 
Faculty of Engineering, Hokkaiod University

Abstract: Corrosion of structural metals in aqueous environments such as sea and fresh water is serious problems for safe usage of infrastructures. It is well known that the corrosion behaviour of metals depends on the environmental factors, such as, concentration of chloride ions, temperature and pH. The effect of metal cations on corrosion behaviour of metals in aqueous environments has not pay much attention until recently. There are reports [Surface and Interface Analysis; 45 (2013) 1517, Electrochim Acta; 131 (2014) 123] that corrosion behaviour of metals such as steels and aluminium alloy in aqueous environments is also affected by metal cations, which are contained in the environments as minor elements. Some of the metal cations could also enhanced corrosion resistance ability of adsorption type corrosion inhibitor [Corrosion Review, 36 (2018) 105]. 
The mechanism of metal cationic effect on corrosion behaviour of metals is not fully elucidated, however, some of the metal cation may form a layer composed of oxide or hydroxide of metal cation on passive film of steels and aluminium alloys. Based on the layer formation, Otani et al. [Corrosion Science; 111 (2016) 302] reported that the effect of metal cations in the environment can be described by corrosion inhibitory effect of cation, Y, which is calculated by X ×?V-1. Where X is metal cation hardness that is an indicator based on the Hard and Soft Acids and Bases concept, and ?V is difference between molar volume of metal cation compound and molar volume of passive film of metal.  
In this Keynote talk, recent results regarding role of cations on wet corrosion behaviour of aluminium alloy and steels will be introduced.

Biography : Degree: Doctor of Engineering, December, 1990 , Tokyo Institute of Technology , Tokyo, Japan, a thesis entitled "Electrochemistry of Pit Embryos and Probability Estimation for Stable Pit Propagation" under the supervision of Professor T. Tsuru. 
Work Experience: Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute from April 1991 to September 1995 as a researcher, carried out research on corrosion behaviour of stainless steel, titanium and zirconium in nitric acid for the development of spent-fuel reprocessing plant. 
Faculty of Engineering Hokkaido University in October of 1995 as an instructor at Research Group of Interface Control Engineering, Division of Molecular Chemistry.  
Corrosion and Protection Centre University of Manchester Institute of Science and Engineering ( Manchester U. K. ) from February 1998 to July 1999 as a post doctoral fellow under supervision of Professor G. E. Thompson and Professor P. Skeldon. 
From October of 2003, as an Associated Professor at Research Group of Materials Design, Division of Materials Science and Engineering, Faculty of Engineering Hokkaido University. 
I have been working on wet corrosion of steels and aluminium alloys, anodizing of aluminium and titanium, and electro-deposition.

Senior Consultant



Abstract: The technology was restricted to applications enabling functions like CAD, Analysis, Project Controls and recently ERP. Some industries adopted them early on and many still are lagging. But technology did not stop re-inventing owing to lower costs and quicker commercial adoption. Sectors like retail and banking were quick to adopt owing to their business model and customer expectation. Mobile technology helped in customers of these sectors too adapting to products like net-banking, mobile-wallets. It was a win-win situation for all. 
Herein lies the difference in EPC, which forms an important topic of CORCON. EPC sector is prone to cut costs and keep technology to bare minimum. Most of it is due to culture, availability of low cost resources, IT not a main enabler for business functions. This has changed and changed for good. Softwares are going the enterprise way. Digital natives are forming part of the workforce. Customers are expecting much more from less. There is no option but to transform the way we work using technology to a much larger scale than we ever imagined. Advent of digital cutting edge technologies are forcing companies to think how they should plan for the next decade. This presentation will cover topics of technologies that customers are adopting, some case studies and capabilities of a typical EPC company to address such implementation.

Biography : Experience of 23+ years in EPC domain in Design, engineering consultancy and construction for Oil & Gas, Petrochemicals, Power & Cement industry. Key responsibilities managed are Consulting, Procurement Manager, Project Manager, Head – ME -Sales & Marketing for Engineering services in EPC sector. Currently Industry Lead – EPC domain in IT providing domain expertise for the past 4 years in IT. Total work experience is now 27+ years in industry. 
Academic Qualifications  
Bachelor of Engineering (Mechanical) – Karnatak University, Dharwad – 1990 batch 
Fellow – Institution of Engineers (India) 
Executive MBA from SPJIMR, a professional Management Institution, Mumbai  
Project Management course from Indian Institute of Technology , Mumbai 
Life member for Indian Society for Remote Sensing and Indian Society of Geomatics 
Whitepaper published in TCS.COM for future of IT in EPC companies and developed Reference Architecture for EPC companies currently under copyright IP application.

Dr. Bimal Prasad Singh
Chief Scientist

Paper Title: Superhydrophobic Coatings: A Paradigm Shift in Corrosion Protection Technologies.

Affiliation: Chief Scientist, Colloids & Materials Chemistry Department, CSIR-Institute of Minerals & Materials Technology, Acharya Vihar, Bhubaneswar-751013

Abstract: This presentation provides an overview of recent advances in the application of superhydrophobic surfaces to act as corrosion barriers. The unpleasant consequences of corrosion are a severe and prevalent problem resulting in industrial plant shutdowns, wastage of valuable resources, reduction in efficiency, loss of valuable products, and damage to the surrounding environment. Superhydrophobic surfaces, inspired by nature, can be considered as an alternative means for improving the protection of metals against corrosion.  
Because of the possibility of minimizing the contact area between liquids and a surface, superhydrophobic surfaces can offer immense resistance to corrosion. Synthetic superhydrophobic surfaces have been developed to safeguard the corrosion of the metal substrates. In this work, the fabrication and application of superhydrophobic surfaces are presented, and discussed the use of superhydrophobic coatings as barriers against the corrosion of metals.

Biography : Dr. Bimal P. Singh is presently a Chief Scientist at Colloids & Materials Chemistry Department in the CSIR-Institute of Minerals and Materials Technology (IMMT), Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India. He has an M.Tech degree in Surface and Colloid Science from NIT, Jamshedpur and Ph.D degree in Petroleum Engineering from IIT, Dhanbad. He was a JSPS fellow (Invitation) at Ceramic Reseach Laboratory, Nagoya Institute of Technology (NIT), Japan. He was a Guest researcher at Camborne School of Mines, University of Exeter, UK, Postdoctoral fellow at Murdoch, University, Perth, Australia, and Visiting Scientist at Brandenburgische Technishe Universitate, Germany.  
He has 28 years of research experience and contributed significantly in basic and applied aspects of corrosion science and technology in general and advancement of awareness of corrosion in the industries in particular. Some of the most prominent research works merit attention are corrosion resistant graphene coatings (Coatings, 214(7) Nov.2017, 2-13), graphene reinforced composites coating (Carbon, 61(6) Sept 2013, 47-56 & Surface & Coatings Technology, 206(6), 2011,1319-1326.), high temperature corrosion resistant ceramic coatings on steel (Report No.1026/CMC/SSP-226/Dec/2015) to name a few. Apart from above mentioned contributions, extensively worked on superhydrophobic coatings for the corrosion resistance and self-cleaning glass (Journal of Nanomaterials, 2016, Article ID 9596068, 1-7, 2016).  
He received Metallurgist of the year award Ministry of Steel, Government of India, ‘JSPS Invitation Fellowship Award’ for Research, in Japan, Sankarsan Jena Memorial Award, Institution of Engineers (India), Odisha State Centre, and SGAT award from Society of Geoscientist, India. He received couple of fellowships namely JSPS, Royal Society, UK Sr.DAAD, DFG, etc. He has lead many projects in the area of corrosion science. He has around 150 publications in peer-reviewed international/national journals and 43 in refereed conference proceedings, presented around 25 papers in the seminar and symposia and 22 invited talk in India and abroad.

Eiji Akiyama
Institute for Materials Research

Paper Title: Hydrogen embrittlement property of high strength in under atmospheric corrosion environment

Affiliation: Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University

Abstract: High strength steels are susceptible to hydrogen embrittlement especially when the tensile strength exceeds 1200 MPa, and fracture takes place even due to hydrogen uptake under atmospheric corrosion. Exposure test of fastened bolts with tensile strength of 1100 MPa to 1500 MPa have been carried out and the result shows that that the bolts with higher strength tended to failure with higher probability. Though exposure test seems reliable, it is very time consuming and we need to establish appropriate evaluation method. In order to assess susceptibility of high strength steels we have conducted slow strain rate test of hydrogen pre-charged circumferentially notched round bar specimens modeling construction bolts and obtained the relationship between fracture stress and diffusible hydrogen content measured by means of thermal desorption analysis and found that the relationship follows power law. As well as the importance of the effect of hydrogen content on mechanical property, hydrogen uptake caused by corrosion is of our interest. We have analyzed hydrogen content in corroded specimen and also carried out slow strain rate test of corroded specimens to elucidate the direct influence of hydrogen on the fracture property. Furthermore, we have adopted electrochemical hydrogen permeation tests to investigate the hydrogen uptake behavior under accelerated corrosion test condition and found that hydrogen entry is enhanced with rust layer formation presumably due to acidification of the inner rust layer. To understand the effect of environmental factors, we measured hydrogen permeation current density of Fe sheet specimen in a constant temperature and humidity chamber after exposure at sites in Japan and China. It was considered that air pollutants such as NOx and SOx have significant role on enhancing hydrogen entry. Those above mentioned research to understand hydrogen embrittlement property will be introduced in the presentation.

Biography : Eiji Akiyama had worked at Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, Japan, since 1991 as a research associate after completing his BSc and MSc at Tohoku University, and received DSc from Tohoku University on 1996. He was in Fontana Corrosion Center, the Ohio State University, the United States, as a postdoctoral researcher from 1997 to 1999 before becoming a researcher of National Research Institute for Metals on 1999, which became present National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS) in 2001. He was in Max-Planck-Institute fu¨r Eisenforschung, Germany, as a JSPS Overseas Research Fellow for 1 year. In spring of 2016 he moved from NIMS to Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University as a professor. His research interest is in the field of hydrogen embrittlement, corrosion resistant amorphous alloys, coatings, tribocorrosion etc. He has published more than 180 papers, and he was awarded by The International Society of Electrochemistry, The Iron and Steel Institute of Japan and so forth.

Sam McFarland
Principal Technical Expert

Paper Title: Additive Manufacturing (3D printing) of metallic components: Opportunities for Industry but also challenges for testing and assurance.

Affiliation: Principal Technical Expert, Shell Technology Centre Bangalore, India

Abstract: Additive Manufacturing (3D printing) is a rapidly evolving and expanding technology with exciting prospects for deployment in a wide range of industries.  
Some work has been done in developing standards to try to keep up with these developments but more needs to be done Industry-wide to align on specific requirements for inspection, testing and assurance. 
This brief talk is intended to cover the background to Additive Manufacturing (3D printing) and to summarize current and future actions for development of Industry standards in this area, particularly requirements for inspection, testing and assurance. There is a particular opportunity for NACE to take the lead in developing appropriate standards and information exchanges to support this technological development while still giving the required levels of assurance.

Biography : Sam McFarland is Shell’s Global Principal Technical Expert for Materials and Corrosion in the Upstream and Integrated Gas Businesses. He is now based in Bangalore, India as part of Shell’s initiative to grow capability to support Shell businesses from the Bangalore hub.  
With a BSc in Metallurgy from Strathclyde University and an MSc in Corrosion Engineering from UMIST, he has 30 years of experience in the resolution of materials, corrosion and integrity issues in the oil and gas industry, following an initial period in the shipbuilding industry and Naval dockyards. 
A NACE member since 1999, he has been active in NACE committees, including a term as Chair of Specific Technology Group STG31 responsible for development of a suite of NACE standards to address Corrosion and Scale Inhibition in Oil and Gas Production.  
He has also served on the NACE Board as Director of the European Area and was awarded NACE’s Distinguished Service Award in 2011.

Brenda J. Little
B.J. Little Consulting LLC

Paper Title: The Relationship Between Toxic Metal Ions in Drinking Water and Corrosion Products

Affiliation: B.J. Little Consulting LLC

Abstract: Iron corrosion products in drinking water distribution systems have a high affinity for adsorbing and concentrating metal ions, including vanadium, strontium, manganese, chromium, copper, lead, arsenic and uranium from treated drinking water. The interaction of metal ions with iron oxide and oxyhydroxide phases determines speciation, mobility and toxicity. Outermost corrosion products and surface-bound metal ions can become destabilized and reintroduced into the drinking water by changes in flow, pH or dissolved oxygen and switching source water or disinfection treatment. Even a temporary change in the oxidation/reduction potential can cause mobility of particulates and/or dissolved ionic species. Case studies illustrating adsorption and desorption mechanisms for specific toxic metal ions will be presented.

Biography : My 44-year career has focused on the investigation of microorganism/material interactions, including biodeterioration, biodegradation and bioremediation, i.e., chemistries produced by microorganisms. I am now an independent consultant and the sole proprietor of B.J. Little Corrosion Consulting, LLC. My publications include 2 co-authored books and over 100 peer-reviewed journal articles on these topics. I am the President of the International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation Society (IBBS). I am a Fellow for the National Association of Corrosion Engineers (NACE- International) and on the editorial board for International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation, the official journal for the IBBS.

Nowmaan Anwar

Paper Title: Maintaining Pipeline Integrity through In Line Inspection

Affiliation: CEO, LINSCAN

Abstract: Pipelines provide the safest, most efficient, most economical and environmentally friendly means for the transport of large quantities of liquids, slurries and gas. Just as with any other technical component, they can deteriorate with time and eventually fail. 
Pipeline operators employ a number of techniques to monitor and maintain the integrity of their pipeline systems to protect the public and the environment from accidental releases of oil and/or gas. They may also conduct pipeline integrity assessments on an as needed basis or as required by Regulatory and Statutory bodies. 
To schedule integrity assessments, most operators use risk assessment models that identify pipeline segments that may be at risk from some form of time-dependent deterioration or exposure to development and encroachment along the pipeline Right of Way (ROW) or Right of Use (ROU) in Land. In most cases the models are used to rank the segments in descending order of risk so that inspections and remedial actions can be applied first… 
An integrity assessment plan is developed to address segments perceived to be at risk. The integrity assessments consist of conducting in-line inspections with "Instrumented pigs" to detect different types of defects such as metal loss and/or to detect injurious dents and/or cracks and so on.

Biography : Mr. Nowmaan Anwar has recently joined LINSCAN as CEO (South Region) Before joining LIN SCAN he has worked internationally in the oil/gas industry for 20 years with responsibilities varying from Project management, Regional Manager, Managing director with Rosen Group & GE. 
He did his engineering degree in Electronics & Instrumentation from Gulbarga University, India and a master’s in I.T from London Institute of Technology, London, UK. 
He has broad based experience in oil & gas industry mainly in the sectors of pipeline in-line Inspections, pipeline Integrity Management Systems and Process Instrumentation & Control. 
He has published several technical papers at international pipeline forums. He has also been responsible for validating new ILI technologies for the pipeline industry.

Anand Kumar Tewari
Executive Director

Paper Title: Integrity Validation Revealed Severe Internal Corrosion on a Crude Oil Jetty Non-Piggable Pipeline- A Case Study.

Affiliation: Executive Director (Operations) Pipelines Division Indian Oil Corporation Limited

Abstract: A 10.03 km long jetty pipeline was laid strategically for transfer of crude oil from smaller crude oil vessel that can berth at jetty, to the shore tanks of a shore-based refinery. The refinery also had Single Point Mooring (SPM) systems, which facilitates the berthing of Very Large Crude Carrier (VLCC). The import of crude oil in VLCC offers better economy of scale and it remained as the preferred mode for transportation, therefore, the jetty was rarely utilized. The subject telescopic jetty pipeline was of diameter 36/ 28 inches, grade API 5LX46 with a wall thickness of 9.52 mm. The pipeline system was considered non-piggable. The pipe was filled with either last pumped crude oil or sea water. During the idle period, the pipeline was kept pressurized. Within four years since commissioning, leakage from the pipeline was noticed near terminating point of the pipeline. Direct Assessment (DA) of the pipeline was arranged to assess the health integrity of the pipeline, while the pipeline was filled with low sulfur crude oil. The DA program, encompassing Internal Corrosion Direct Assessment (ICDA) and External Corrosion Direct Assessment (ECDA) and was conducted by an expert agency. The result of DA indicated severe internal corrosion, largely due to microbes presents both in seawater and filled fluid within the pipeline. DA recommended complete UT examination of the select pipeline section and adoption of immediate mitigation measures where the considerable loss in thickness is observed.

Biography : A Mechanical Engineer, Joined Indian Oil Corporation way back in December 1981 as Graduate Engineer Trainee (GET). Handled various assignment in O&M of cross country crude oil, Petroleum Product and Gas Pipeline , Design, Technical services, Project Execution, Contracting Budgeting and Monitoring in different locations, regions etc. Over 36 years of experience in the field of Oil Pipelines.  
Qualification: BE (Mech.) Diploma HR, MBA (Mktg), Certified Energy Auditor, Project Management “C” level. PhD Student with University of Petroleum and Energy Studies Dehradun 
Papers presented: Present several papers in the conferences in India and abroad including paper in Pipeline Technology Conference in Berlin in 2015 on Transportation of Crude oil through Heated Pipelines. Published Article in several energy magazines like World Pipelines published from UK, Offshore World related to Pipeline O&M topics including Integrity Management. 
Attended leading petroleum conferences including World Petroleum Conference Turkey in July 2017 as session Chair. Participated in CERA ( Energy Week ) in Houston in 2018 
(1)Design of Pipeline project and station facilities  
(2)Execution and monitoring of Pipeline projects  
(3)Operation and Maintenance of cross country Pipelines 
(4)Maintenance of station rotary equipment’s like Heavy duty engines, pumps, compressors , DG sets , tank farms and Offshore terminals etc  
Presently ED (Operations), Indian Oil Corporation, Pipelines Head Office NOIDA, Managing the Operation & maintenance of more than 13400 Kms of the pipelines consisting of 28 Pipelines on Crude oil, Petroleum product including LPG and Gas Pipeline.

Suryam K.V.
V.P. & CoE (Water)

Paper Title: Alternate Sources of Water for Industrial Utilities & Associated Challenges

Affiliation: V.P. & CoE (Water), Centre of Excellence – Reliance Industries Ltd

Abstract: The accelerated industrial growth demands huge quantities of water. The industrial growth puts enormous pressure on existing water bodies and a supply demand shortfall is always seen in the areas where many new industries are taking shape. There is always a conflict of interest between industries, municipal and farming community needs due to scarcity of water for these sectors. In recent times many industries are coming up in the barren lands where availability of fresh water in required quantities is always an issue. 
Search for alternate sources of water for meeting industrial requirements has become an important and the most critical factor in the success and sustainable operations of water intensive industries - viz. Power, Steel, Refineries, Petrochemical, Paper and Pulp, etc. and will continue to play a major role in coming years for the success of the industries that are being set up. The major challenge lies in availability, cost effective sourcing, treatment, end user problems and uninterrupted and sustained levels of production. The key note talk deals with many challenges that industries are facing and the ways and means to deal and manage them.

Biography : Mr. K.V.Suryam is working as Vice President & CoE(Water) at Centre of Excellence, Reliance Industries ltd Mumbai.  
Mr. Suryam has Masters Degree in Chemistry, Masters in Business Administration and a PG Dip in Environment & Ecology. He is a certified Assessor for Business Excellence (EFQM model), Certified Lead Auditor ISO-14001 and a certified TQM facilitator.  
He has about 36 years of experience in total water management, treatment of variety of water like DM, Desal, CW, BFW, complex effluents (PTA, Refinery, Spent Caustic, Gasification, Steel plants, etc) and recycling through tertiary RO in industries like Power, Integrated Steel Plant, Refinery, Gasification and Petrochemical industries. He initiated, developed and implemented a model approach of Total Water Management which saw a drastic reduction in the specific water consumption.  
CoE(Water) role includes selection and evaluation of various technologies and development of concept notes for various new mega projects, advanced technical services, trouble shooting, development of standards and best practices, training and development etc.

Dr. M. Kamaraj

Paper Title: Surface Engineering for Wear and Corrosion

Affiliation: Professor Dept of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering IIT Madras, Chennai 600 036

Abstract: Surface engineering is one of the emerging areas in the field of materials engineering, tribology and corrosion aiming towards modification of the surface for improving their life and efficiency while retaining its original bulk properties. It shows improvement in in-service performance, useful working lifetimes, aesthetic appearance or economics of production. The surface modified not only improve tribological performance of the parts but also minimize the investment on repair or replacement. Surface engineering of bio-implants/aerospace/ aerospace/transport/energy-based industries has attracted attention for various important reasons. The present talk is to provide awareness among young researchers in an emerging area and also enthuse them to pursue research on surface engineering to combat wear, corrosion and other applications. The first part of the talk deals the wide spectrum of surface treatment including mechanical or thermal modification of surfaces, diffusion coatings, and overlay coatings and their limitations. Recent heat treatment techniques such as plasma nitriding, and laser nitirding will be discussed. Until now, several researchers investigating thermal spray coatings to improve the life of the components and alternatively cold spraying technology is used to repair the corroded or worn out components in aero-space applications. Current state-of-art thin coating methods used for sensors/solar cells will be discussed. Finally the emerging Additive manufacturing (AM) processes offers economic advantages compared with conventionally process to develop coatings for corrosion and wear applications especially aerospace/power generating industries. These processes will build 3D components with geometric precision by direct materials deposition onto a substrate or alternatively by selectively melting material layer by layer on a powder bed. Additive manufacturing offers flexibility in geometric design, rapid production of components with complex geometry and high spatial resolution, and customization of products at an acceptable cost, and has little material waste through the recycling of unprocessed powder.

Biography : Prof. Dr. M. Kamaraj is currently Professor in the Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering at Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, India. Dr. Kamaraj has obtained his Ph.D from the Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IIT Madras). Subsequent to this, he was with at EWAC Alloys Ltd., (an associate of Larsen & Toubro Ltd.,), Mumbai as Research engineer for a brief period of four years. Where in he has solved various critical problems related to corrosion and wear. He was involved in the development of newer surfacing materials for various applications. In EWAC Alloys Ltd., he has proposed a naval approach for diagnosing wear mode by simulated wear testing techniques. In this new approach the materials are characterized by simulation of process instead of following expensive and trial and error methods of using conventional testing for ranking/characterizing the material. He was also Research Fellow at Nagaoka University of Technology, Japan and STA Fellow at the National Institute of Industrial Safety, Japan. He was a Guest Scientist at Ruhr-Universitat Bochum, Bochum, Germany and a visiting scientist at VSSC, Trivandrum, India. He joined I.I.T Madras as faculty and has more than 24 years teaching, research and industrial experience in the area of mechanical behaviour of materials, welding, surface engineering, high temperature corrosion of materials, and failure of industrial components. He has a patent approval (Invention: IN-813918), titled “Highly adhesive nano crystalline diamond coatings on tin coated WC-Co(D/TiN/ Al2O3/ TiCN/WC) tools for industrial applications”. He has published more than 120 research publication in leading international engineering journals. He has published a book on “Surface Modified Biomedical Titanium Alloys” with Mr. Aravind Vadiraj and contributed a chapter on “Microstructure and Wear Studies of Alloyed and Austempered Gray Irons for Automotive Applications” along with Aravind Vadiraj and G. Balachandran. Given the vast interest and information on surface coatings Prof. Kamaraj authored the second book on “Basics of Surface Technology” with Prof. V.M. Radhakrishnan. He is a Fellow of ASM International, Institution of Engineers (India), and Indian Welding society (IWS).

Hasan Sabri
TPL Snr Specialist (Inspection & Corrosion)

Paper Title: Cathodic Protection Management of Complex Pipeline Network

Affiliation: TPL Snr Specialist (Inspection & Corrosion) Process Safety Management Group Kuwait Oil Company Inspection & Corrosion Team

Abstract: Over the past few decades, the number of underground pipelines has considerably increased in state of Kuwait due to higher production demands and expansion plans. The escalation of oil well quantity, flow lines, pipelines, electrical grounding systems, and other associated piping have resulted in the formation of enormous complex underground structures in company fields. It is a challenge to manage the Cathodic Protection (CP) of complex underground pipeline networks. This consistent monitoring must be able to cope with maintaining adequate CP protective potentials along the entire length, and effectively integrate new pipeline/piping CP installations. The proper design, along with effective testing and commissioning activities, are essential in achieving uniform protective potentials and to address interference due to foreign pipelines/CP systems, electrical groundings, internal electrolytic CP current transfer, and so forth.    
This paper discusses the methodology implemented in design, installation, surveys, testing, and commissioning of both new and existing CP systems. This paper includes case studies with discourse on CP design, surveys, interference, installation and testing, and commissioning. 
Keywords:  Pipeline Cathodic Protection, CP Commissioning, potential measurement, Interference testing and mitigation, congested pipeline, stray current.

Biography : Presenter Biography: (50 words Maximum) 
Senior Corrosion Specialist at Kuwait Oil Company  
Graduated from the University of Toledo, Ohio as a Chemical Engineer in 1993 
Involved in the CP and Coating in new projects and maintenance. 
Author/Co-Author of CP & coating of KOC standards 
NACE Certified & Instructor for: 
Cathodic Protection Specialist 
Protective Coating Specialist  
Coating Inspector

Rakesh Kumar Bhan
Fischer Measurement Technologies


Affiliation: Fischer Measurement Technologies (India) Pvt. Ltd. Plot No.138/1, City Centre, Hinjewadi Phase 1, Pune, Maharashtra – 411057

Nearly all manufactured or fabricated products made of metal or having metal components have some type of surface finishing. Coating or plating is the application of a surface finish to another material, it provides the surfaces of manufactured parts with a number of desirable physical, chemical, and appearance qualities. Coatings applied to base materials provide properties not inherent in the base, including corrosion and wear resistance, conductivity, colour, and solderability. Coating Thickness and Hardness are important dimensions of coating materials because the effectiveness, longevity and cost of the final product depends not only on the appropriate selection of coating material but also on the amount applied and the final surface texture. Measurement of Coating thickness, surface finish, hardness of the coating are thus important parameters of the surface finish. 
This technical presentation highlights : 
Coating and plating methods and applications of common coatings and platings, new corrosion protection coatings and challenges in measurement.  
Available technologies for the measurement of major parameters like coating thickness, micro-hardness of coating as well as surface profile of the substrates.  
Latest trends and automation in the field of measurement of these parameters. 

Biography : Rakesh Bhan is an Electronics Engineering Graduate with MBA (Marketing) from University of Pune. He has more than 20 years of experience in local and multi-national organizations in various facets of the business.  
Presently he is working as Managing Director in Fischer Measurement Technologies (India) Pvt. Ltd. and he is responsible for India and MENA region. Fischer India is 100% subsidiary of Helmut Fischer Group, Germany. 
He has wide experience in the field of Analytical Instruments, Spectroscopy, Coating Thickness, Material Testing, Material Analysis, Micro-hardness, In-line Measurements and Process Automation. 
Responsible for setting up and development of Fischer business in India and Middle East region. 
Giving technical talk on technologies, methods of measurement, latest trends etc. on surface measurement parameters like coating thickness and micro-hardness at various forums.

Dr. Bharat Bhargava

Paper Title: Challenges in Materials and Thermochemical Processes for Hydrogen Production

Affiliation: Director General ONGC Energy Centre, New Delhi

Abstract: Hydrogen as energy carrier is considered to be a potential fuel for transport and power generation. Currently, hydrogen production is based on hydrocarbons or it is available as a by-product. However, if hydrogen is to be considered as viable alternative, clean and efficient methods to produce hydrogen are necessary. Among various options to produce hydrogen, water splitting processes appears to be a promising option for mass scale production of hydrogen. Processes based on Iodine-Sulfur (I-S) and Copper-Chlorine (Cu-Cl) cycles, using a combination of electrochemical and thermal reactions are widely researched during the last decade.  
ONGC Energy Centre (OEC), set up by Oil & Natural Gas Corporation Ltd (ONGC), has been working on development of various thermochemical processes for generation of Hydrogen by splitting of water that works at high temperatures. The required energy may be obtained from solar energy or heat from nuclear sources. OEC has successfully completed development of a new patented thermochemical process for splitting of water into Hydrogen and Oxygen using Cu-Cl cycle and also demonstration of closed loop I-S cycle. In addition, development of open loop I-S process is in advanced stages. Several equipment and materials required for Cu-Cl and I-S cycles have also been indigenously designed and developed.  
The current focus of research is on further improvement in process, development of materials specially for construction of reactors keeping in view the corrosion related aspects, and electrodes membranes for electrochemical processes and gas separations, and also high temperature corrosion test facilities etc. In addition, OEC is also engaged in development of codes and standardization of methods etc.  
ONGC Energy Centre is currently working with Institute of Chemical Technology (ICT), Mumbai, IIT-Delhi and some of the CSIR labs (IIP, CSMCRI,CGCRI), on demonstration of closed-loop Copper-Chlorine (Cu-Cl) and closed loop/open loop Iodine - Sulfur (I-S) cycles and development of some of the materials and equipment to address the challenges associated with scale up of the processes. 
The present talk gives an overview of R&D work by ONGC Energy Centre and highlights the key challenges and opportunities in hydrogen generation processes with focus on challenges in material selection

Biography : Dr. Bharat Bhargava is Director General, ONGC Energy Centre, since January 2013, working on various clean energy options, specially hydrogen energy, solar energy, geothermal energy, biotechnology for energy applications, uranium exploration and recovery by In Situ Leaching method, Helium recovery from oil/gas fields and energy efficiency & recovery in oil and gas sector etc. During this period several new processes and materials have been developed and patented by the Centre. 
Dr. Bhargava has more than 45 years’ experience in research, product development, quality assurance, production, policy, planning, management, in energy sector working on different aspects of clean energy technologies and more particularly on solar energy technologies in a research laboratory, industry and the Government.  
Dr. Bhargava worked with the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, Government of India, in different capacities, from 1989 to 2011. He was responsible for policy and all technical aspects of Solar technology development in India, Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Programme, Geothermal Energy Prpogramme, Wind-Solar Hybrid Systems Programme etc. and among other activities, setting up of the PV Test Facility at Solar Energy Centre (now National Institute of Solar Energy) of the Ministry. 
Dr. B. Bhargava is one of the main architects of the Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission, launched in 2010, which has given the Indian solar programme much needed thrust.  
Dr. Bhargava has worked at the National Physical Laboratory, New Delhi for his Ph.D. in Physics (thin films). In 1976 he joined Central Electronics Limited (CEL), a PSU, where he was responsible for indigenous development of large area solar cell and module technology in the country for the first time. He has also developed space grade solar cells. He was also involved in development of a number of solar applications in the country, most notable being solar lantern. He was also involved in indigenous development of several equipment, process steps, materials and test procedures associated with solar cells, modules and systems.  
He holds several patents and involved in transfer of technology for manufacture of solar modules etc. He has written/presented papers in a large number of international and national technical journals and conferences. He has been recognized by several international and national institutions for his contributions in clean energy technologies. He is a member of several Expert Committees set up by various Ministries, State Governments and other organizations.